• Title/Summary/Keyword: 바코드

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Implementation of Pattern Recognition Algorithm Using Line Scan Camera for Recognition of Path and Location of AGV (무인운반차(AGV)의 주행경로 및 위치인식을 위한 라인스캔카메라를 이용한 패턴인식 알고리즘 구현)

  • Kim, Soo Hyun;Lee, Hyung Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2018
  • AGVS (Automated Guided Vehicle System) is a core technology of logistics automation which automatically moves specific objects or goods within a certain work space. Conventional AGVS generally requires the in-door localization system and each AGV equips expensive sensors such as laser, magnetic, inertial sensors for the route recognition and automatic navigation. thus the high installation cost is inevitable and there are many restrictions on route(path) modification or expansion. To address this issue, in this paper, we propose a cost-effective and scalable AGV based on a light-weight pattern recognition technique. The proposed pattern recognition technology not only enables autonomous driving by recognizing the route(path), but also provides a technique for figuring out the loc ation of AGV itself by recognizing the simple patterns(bar-code like) installed on the route. This significantly reduces the cost of implementing AGVS as well as benefiting from route modification and expansion. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed technique, we first implement a pattern recognition algorithm on a light-weight MCU(Micro Control Unit), and then verify the results by implementing an MCU_controlled AGV prototype.

Morphological Characteristics of Needle Leaves and Analysis of Abies species based on Chloroplast DNA Sequences (한국 전나무(Abies holophylla), 일본 전나무(A. firma, A. homolepis), 그리고 법정 보호 전나무의 잎 형태적 특성 및 엽록체 DNA 분석)

  • Ahn, Chang Ho;Choi, Yong Eui;Park, Wan Geun;Han, Jung Yeon;Kwak, Yoo Shin;Kim, Se Chang;Park, Chan Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.108 no.2
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    • pp.200-207
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study was to provide the basic information necessary to identify Korean fir (Abies holophylla), momi fir (A. firma), and Nikko fir (A. homolepis), and other fir trees planted in South Korea that are protected by law. Analysis of the morphological characteristics of the needles from each sample was investigated. The shape of the needle-leaf tip from A. holophylla was acute, whereas that from A. firma and A. homolepis was emarginate and that from the protected fir trees was obtuse. The number of stomata on the needles was not significantly different between A. holophylla and A. firma, and the number of stomata on the needles from A. homolepis and the protected fir trees were highly similar. In addition, the genetic differences among the Abies species were analyzed using the sequences of five chloroplast DNA regions-matK, atpF-atpH, rpoC2-rps2, rpoC1, and psbA-trnH.The atpF-atpH and psbA-trnH regions were useful for discriminating A. firma from the other species, but there were no differences among A. holophylla, A. homolepis, and the protected fir trees. The same chloroplast sequences were found in both A. holophylla and A. homolepis, which suggests that additional genetic studies might be necessary to identify the Abies species planted in both South Korea and Japan.

The Design and Implementation of Automotive Smart-key System Using general-purpose RFID (교통카드와 같은 범용 RFID를 활용한 자동차용 스마트키 시스템 설계 및 구현)

  • Lee, Yun-Sub;Kim, Kyeong-Seob;Yun, Jeong-Hee;Choi, Sang-Bang
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea CI
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.42-50
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    • 2009
  • Ubiquitous computing technology is widely used in not only our everyday lives but also in education, medical care, military, environment and administration. RFID system, the basis of ubiquitous, is in the spotlight which can be an alternative solution of a bar code recognition system and magnetic system as they basically have practicality and security issues. An electronic authentication named smart-key system is recently concerned by an alternative solution of the security unit for an automobile. RFID system which has a general purpose is also in the limelight by an application technology. In this paper we designed vehicle smart key system with general-propose RFID system that is already in use. First, we designed control unit and RFID card reader for vehicle smart key system. Then we propose an algorithm and prove that the vehicle key system is controllable by showing the result of implementing and testing, after installing. Also security level is enlarged by proposing a authentication protocol between RFID reader and control unit.

Control efficacy of BtPlus against two mosquitoes, Aedes koreicus and Culex vagans (한국숲모기와 줄다리집모기에 대한 비티플러스 방제 효과)

  • Kim, Yonggyun;Minoo, Sajjadian;Ahmed, Shabbir
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 2020
  • Two mosquito species were collected in still-water near farming area in Andong, Korea. Based on morphological characters, these two mosquitoes were identified as Aedes koreicus and Culex vagans, respectively. DNA barcode analyses supported the identification. An entomopathogenic bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (BtI), exhibited insecticidal activities against the two mosquito species and its virulence was more potent than that of B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. It has been known that the bacterial metabolites of Xenorhabdus spp. suppress insect immunity and enhance pathogenicity of B. thuringiensis. This study tested the effect of the bacterial culture broth of Xenorhabdus spp. on enhancing BtI pathogenicity. Among three Xenorhabdus spp., culture broth of X. ehlersii (Xe) was relatively effective to enhance BtI pathogenicity against both mosquito species. Indeed, organic extracts of Xe culture broth suppressed the hemocyte-spreading behavior, suggesting the presence of immunosuppressant in the culture broth. These results suggest a formulation of BtPlus by mixing BtI spore and Xe culture broth to be applied to control the two mosquito species.

Infection Control of Computed Radiography Portable in Radiology (영상의학과 이동촬영장비의 감염 관리)

  • Shin, Seong-gyu;Lee, Hyo-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to prevent infection in the hospital by computed radiography portable and to provide basic data on infection-related education by investigating bacterial contamination level of computed radiography portable equipment using IP cassette. The results suggest that IP cassette No. 1 is infected with CNS and VRE, no. 2 with CNS, No. 3 with CNS and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, No. 4 with CNS, No. 5 with CNS and Bacillus sp., and No. 6 with enterococcus faecium. Enterococcus faecium and bacillus sp. were detected from the IP reader and Acinetobacter baumannii was detected on the mobile handle; Bacillus sp. on the control buttons, CNS and Bacillus sp. from the irradiation control handle, Acinetobacter baumannii on the x-ray generation switch, and CNS on the barcode scanner. In addition, Bacillus sp. Acinetobacter baumannii was found on the IP cassette mobile table and CNS and bacillus sp. were found on the lead apron. Acinetobacter baumannii and CNS were detected from the medical gloves worn by a radiological technologist during radiography. This suggests that IP cassette should be sterilized after use as it can hand over bacteria to IP reader and IP mobile table. Medical gloves that are in direct contact with patients should also be replaced after using them once and other supplies such as x-ray generation switch and lead apron should thoroughly be sterilized to prevent infection due to radiography as they are in a lot of contact with patients.

Development of Molecular Markers for the authentication of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium by the analysis of rDNA-ITS DNA barcode regions (rDNA-ITS DNA 바코드 부위 분석을 통한 산초(山椒) 기원종 감별용 유전자 마커 개발)

  • Kim, Wook Jin;Ji, Yunui;Lee, Young Mi;Kang, Young Min;Choi, Goya;Moon, Byeong Cheol
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : Due to the morphological similarity of the pericarp and description of multi-species in National Pharmacopoeia of Korea and China, the Zanthoxylum Pericarpium is difficult to authenticate adulterant in species levels. Therefore, we introduced the sequence analysis of DNA barcode and identification of single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) to establish a reliable tool for the distinction of Zanthoxylum Pericarpium from its adulterants. Methods : To analyze DNA barcode region, genomic DNA was extracted from twenty-four specimens of authentic Zanthoxylum species and inauthentic adulterant and the individual internal transcribed spacer regions (rDNA-ITS and ITS2) of nuclear ribosomal RNA gene were amplified using ITS1, ITS2-S2F, and ITS4 primer. For identification of species-specific sequences, a comparative analysis was performed using entire DNA barcode sequences. Results : In comparison of four Zanthoxylum ITS2 sequences, we identified 16, 4, 6, and 4 distinct species-specific nucleotides enough to distinguish Z. schinifolium, Z. bungeanum, Z. piperitum, and Z. simulans, respectively. The sequence differences were available genetic marker to discriminate four species. Futhermore, phylogenetic relationship revealed a clear classification between different Zanthoxylum species showing 4 different clusters. These results indicated that comparative analysis of ITS2 DNA barcode was an useful genetic marker to authenticate Zanthoxylum Pericarpium in species levels. Conclusions : The marker nucleotides, enough to distinguish Z. schinifolium, Z. piperitum, Z. bungeanum, and Z. simulans, were obtained at 30 SNP marker nucleotides from ITS2 sequences. These differences could be used to authenticate official Zanthoxylum Pericarpium from its adulterants as well as discriminating each four species.

Improvement of SNPs detection efficient by reuse of sequences in Genotyping By Sequencing technology (유전체 서열 재사용을 이용한 Genotyping By Sequencing 기술의 단일 염기 다형성 탐지 효율 개선)

  • Baek, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Do-Wan;Kim, Junah;Lee, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.2491-2499
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    • 2015
  • Recently, the most popular technique to determine the Genotype, genetic features of individual organisms, is the GBS based on SNP from sequences determined by NGS. As analyzing the sequences by the GBS, TASSEL is the most used program to identify the genotypes. But, TASSEL has limitation that it uses only the partial sequences that is obtained by NGS. We tried to improve the efficiency in use of the sequences in order to solve the limitation. So, we constructed new data sets by quality checking, filtering the unused sequences with error rate below 0.1% and clipping the sequences considering the location of barcode and enzyme. As a result, approximately over 17% of the SNP detection efficiency was increased. In this paper, we suggest the method and the applied programs in order to detect more SNPs by using the disused sequences.

Mobile Point-of-Sales System (모바일 판매 시점 관리 시스템)

  • Kwon, O-Byoung;Shin, Hyun-Cheul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 2007
  • We propose a mobile point-of-sale system, which consists of only mobile information terminals and personal computers. The proposed system provides most of functionalities related with resource planning, adminstration and management, provided by medium-scale or large-scale POS systems, with additional functionalities, such as automatic information gathering and management through mobile interconnection, while eliminating the necessity of additional special-purpose devices, such as bar-code systems. The proposed system transmits order information through wireless and wired communication lines, thus allowing real-time sharing of order information among diverse information devices, such as mobile order receiving terminals, main server within stores, monitors and printers located in production lines. Also, the system is able to transfer such detail information produced within stores in real-time to the enterprise-level accounting, sales, logistics, personnel management system, which facilitate enterprise-wide management and administrative decision-making. No additional programs are required for mobile terminals. Order information received by such terminals are entered into databases through web server of main server and that information is again transferred to main server and production line printers. The proposed system can handle all the point-of-sale information and can provide almost of the POS functionalities by simply utilizing wireless internet, personal computers, and mobile terminals without installing specific-purpose peripheral devices. The proposed system can be widely applied to the small-scale stores and will contribute in reducing construction and maintenance cost required for point-of-sale management.

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Assaying Mitochondrial COI Sequences and Their Molecular Studies in Hexapoda, PART I: From 2000 to 2009 (육각강에서 보고된 미토콘드리아 COI 염기서열과 이들을 이용한 분자 연구 논문 분석, 파트 I: 2000년~2009년)

  • Lee, Wonhoon;Park, Jongsun;Akimoto, Shin-Ichi;Kim, Sora;Kim, Yang-Su;Lee, Yerim;Kim, Kwang-Ho;Lee, Si Hyeock;Lee, Yong-Hwan;Lee, Seunghwan
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.395-402
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    • 2013
  • Since 2000, a large number of molecular studies have been conducted in Hexapoda with generating large amount of mitochondrial sequences. In this study, to review mitochondrial COI sequences and their molecular studies reported in Hexapoda from 2000 to 2009, 488 molecular studies conducted based on 58,323 COI sequences were categorized according to 26 orders and the positions of COI sequences (5', 3', and entire regions). The numbers of molecular studies in which the three regions utilized varied largely among the 26 orders; however, seven orders showed preferred positions of COI sequences in the researches: Diptera and Orthoptera revealed the largest number of studies in the 5' region; while, Coleoptera, Phthiraptera, Odonata, Phasmatodea, and Psocoptera, showed the largest number of studies in the 3' region. From comparing 84 molecular studies published before 2000, we observed the possibilities that molecular studies in Coleoptera, Diptera, Phthiraptera, and Phasmatodea from 2000 to 2009 had been followed classical studies using the positions of COI sequences well-known until 1999. This study provides useful information to understand the overall trends in COI sequence usages as well as molecular studies conducted from 2000 to 2009 in Hexapoda.

Molecular Identification of Zoysia japonica and Zoysia sinica (Zoysia Species) Based on ITS Sequence Analyses and CAPS (ITS 염기서열 분석 및 CAPS를 이용한 조이시아 속(Zoysia) 들잔디와 갯잔디의 구별)

  • Hong, Min-Ji;Yang, Dae-Hwa;Jeong, Ok-Cheol;Kim, Yang-Ji;Park, Mi-Young;Kang, Hong-Gyu;Sun, Hyeon-Jin;Kwon, Yong-Ik;Park, Shin-Young;Yang, Paul;Song, Pill-Soon;Ko, Suk-Min;Lee, Hyo-Yeon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.344-360
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    • 2017
  • Zoysiagrasses are important turf plants used for school playgrounds, parks, golf courses, and sports fields. The two most popular zoysiagrass species are Zoysia japonica and Zoysia sinica. These are widely distributed across different growing zones and are morphologically distinguishable from each other; however, it is phenotypically difficult to differentiate those that grow along the coastal line from those in beach area habitats. A combination of morphological and molecular approaches is desirable to efficiently identify these two plant cultivars. In this study, we used a rapid identification system based on DNA barcoding of the nrDNA-internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions. The nrDNA-ITS regions of ITS1, 5.8S nrDNA, and ITS2 from Z. japonica, Z. sinica, Agrostis stolonifera, and Poa pratensis were DNA barcoded to classify these grasses according to their molecular identities. The nrDNA-ITS sequences of these species were found at 686 bp, 687 bp, 683 bp, and 681 bp, respectively. The size of ITS1 ranged from 248 to 249 bp, while ITS2 ranged from 270 to 274 bp. The 5.8S coding region ranged from 163 - 164bp. Between Z. japonica and Z. sinica, nineteen (2.8%) nucleotide sites were variable, and the G+C content of the ITS region ranged from 55.4 to 63.3%. Substitutions and insert/deletion (indel) sites in the nrDNA-ITS sequence of Z. japonica and Z. sinica were converted to cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers, and applied to the Zoysia grasses sampled to verify the presence of these markers. Among the 62 control and collected grass samples, we classified three groups: 36 Z. japonica, 22 Z. sinica, and 4 Z. japonica/Z. sinica hybrids. Morphological classification revealed only two groups; Z. japonica and Z. sinica. Our results suggest that used of the nrDNA-ITS barcode region and CAPS markers can be used to distinguish between Z. japonica and Z. sinica at the species level.