• Title/Summary/Keyword: 교육과정

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Information Domain Curriculum Composition Direction in Subject-Centered Curriculum (교과중심 교육과정에서의 정보영역 교육과정 구성 방향)

  • Shin, Soo-Bum;Han, Kyu-Jung;Go, Byung-Oh
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 2021
  • This study is about the direction of how to compose the information domain curriculum in the domestic subject matter centered curriculum system. To this end, subject-centered and competency-centered curriculum were compared and analyzed, and how the information domain was organized in two types was suggested. In spite of emphasizing competency, the domestic curriculum was judged to be inclined to the subject-centered curriculum because it emphasized the presentation of national-level educational goals, a subject learning model, and textbooks. As examples of the information domain subject-centered curriculum, the information domain of the elementary practical subject and the middle school information curriculum were presented, and the SW convergence curriculum was presented as an example of a progressive curriculum. Under such circumstances, it was emphasized that in order for the learner to lead a life in an intelligent society in the future through the information domain including SWAI content, it must be explicitly described in a subject-centered perspective with computer science as the parent study.

Comparison of Verbs in the Contents of the National Curriculum for Elementary and Middle School Science: Focused on the 7th, 2007, and 2009 Revision (초·중학교 과학과 교육과정의 내용 진술에 사용된 서술어 비교: 제7차 교육과정 이후를 중심으로)

  • Jo, Kwang-Hee
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.239-254
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    • 2015
  • The aims of this research were to analyze and compare verbs in the contents of the 7th, 2007, and 2009 revised national curriculum for elementary and middle school science. After the investigation of 1383 verbs in description of achievement standards and inquiry, we found that 'to know'(15.0 %) in elementary school and 'to understand'(24.2 %) in middle school were the most frequently used ones, totally in these three curriculums. In the 7th national curriculum, frequently used verbs in elementary school were ones related with inquiry such as observation, investigation and so on though 'to understand' had the most common verbs. Secondly, 'to explain' ranked top among verbs in the 2007 revised national curriculum. It showed some possibility of influences of the discussion-oriented situation at that time. Finally, however, in 2009 revised national curriculum, 'to know' and 'to understand' occupied the first and second portion of the verb distribution. In addition, 'to understand' and 'to observe' were used evenly through three curriculums but the portions of 'to know' increased through curriculum revisions. Some implications and discussions were also added with suggestions for further researches.

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Issues Related to the Application of the 7th National Mathematics Curriculum and the 2005 College Entrance System : Critical Considerations for the Recent High School Mathematics Education in Korea (제 7차 고등학교 수학과 교육과정 적용의 쟁점과 개선방향 - 2005학년도 대학입학전형제도와 관련하여 -)

  • 장경윤
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 2003
  • The current 7th National Mathematics Curriculum had been developed as a learner-centered curriculum and begun to apply to high school since 2002. This paper discusses issues related to the high school mathematics curriculum application into high school. The mathematics curriculum for grades 11 and 12 was developed primarily as a learner-centered one to provide five elective courses according to the needs of students based on their future occupation and attitudes. Discussion starts with the differences of the five elective courses: the three of them have dependent and sequential structure and the two are totally different with regards to their levels of difficulty and the content they span. It is claimed that the frameworks of the 2005 National Ability Test for the College Entrance and the minimal enrollment requirements of several influential colleges' admission policy make the high school mathematics education very rigid, unflexible, and anti-educational. Several suggestions to recover and imp-rove the high school mathematics education and the spirit of the 7th curriculum are presented.

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Content Analysis of Food and Nutrition unit in Middle School Textbooks of Home Economics - Focus on the National Curriculums from 1st to 2009 revised (중학교 가정(기술·가정)교과 식생활 영역의 핵심 교육내용 분석 - 제1차 교육과정부터 2009개정 교육과정의 교과서 내용을 중심으로 -)

  • Jang, Yoon-Mi;Kim, Yoo Kyeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.93-112
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    • 2018
  • We analysed the textbooks of Home Economics in middle school from 1st to 2009 curriculums to investigate the contents and the portion of Food and Nutrition section. The key words were generated by word cloud technique using text-mining, and the portion of Food and Nutrition section was presented as a ratio of the pages. The core key words of Food and Nutrition section through the curriculums were 'raw food'·'food'·'diet'. In 1st and 2nd curriculums, the main key words were related to food materials, condiments and nutrients such as 'vitamin'·'protein'. The words such as 'nutrition'·'eating'·'requirement' were newly appeared in 3rd, 'portion' in 6th, and 'diet'·'adolescence' in 7th curriculum. The mean ratio of Food and Nutrition section in Home Economics was 24.3%. While the portion was as high as 31.8% in 7th it was strikingly reduced to 15.2% in 2009th. curriculum. Besides, Food and Nutrition section was composed of 10 units of middle level category during the 2nd and 3rd curriculums, and was reduced to 2 small units with none of middle level category in 2009th curriculum. Although the contents of Food and Nutrition section has been developed and adapted to the needs of the society through the curriculums, the portion of Food and Nutrition section in Home Economics has been reduced especially in 2009th curriculum, which could raise concerns on the health of individuals and communities.

A Study on the LIS Capstone Design Curriculum and the Learning Satisfaction Survey (문헌정보학 캡스톤디자인 교육과정 운영과 학습만족도 측정연구)

  • Noh, Younghee
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.89-118
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    • 2015
  • We had opened a course in the library and information science curriculum, developed and applied a syllabus and some manuals for this course, and analyzed the performance by conducting a survey before and after the training. As the results, first, the necessary components showed a positive relationship of 0.414 with the expected performance effects and showed a positive relationship of 0.452 with the expected learning outcomes. Second, the understanding degree of the Capstone Design course was 3.56 before implementing the curriculum. It was improved to 4.07 after implementing the educational courses. Third, the recognition of the components necessary for the Capstone Design course was improved from 4.13 to 4.39 after carrying out the course. Fourth, the perception of the expected performance effects of the Capstone Design course was improved from 3.77 to 3.88 after the course execution. Fifth, the perception of the expected learning outcomes of the Capstone Design course was improved from 3.79 to 4.22 after the course implementation.

An Analytical Study on the Philosophy on Curriculum and the Knowledge-based Viewpoint of Amended Curriculum for Optional Subject of Computer in Secondary School for 2007 (중·고 컴퓨터 선택과목 2007년 개정 교육과정의 교육과정 철학 및 지식관 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Gyun;Kang, Shin-Cheon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2007
  • Although the need for overall amendment of curriculums recognized, tentative plan for amendment is being established without improving the sense of satisfaction of the users of curriculums from the nation-wide dimension and without review on philosophical and educational psychological viewpoints on curriculum with focus on curriculums that reflects the national and social demands until the tentative plans for amendment of computer subject is made at the time of amendment. Therefore, new/old curriculums has been compared and analyzed from philosophical and psychological viewpoint of curriculums in order to definitively establish status and identity of curriculum, and to cope with changes in educational system. It can be seen from the outcome of such comparative analysis that goals of the philosophical viewpoint of amended curriculum had been defined as discipline-centered curriculum while that for the knowledge-based viewpoint on constructivism and cognitivism.

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A Comparative Analysis of the 2009 Revised Curriculum for Mathematics in Korea and the Common Core State Standard for Mathematics(CCSSM) in the U.S. -Focus on the Number and Operation Strand in Elementary School - (한국의 2009 개정 수학과 교육과정과 미국의 수학과 교육과정 규준 CCSSM의 비교.분석 -초등학교 수와 연산 영역을 중심으로-)

  • Ahn, Ji-Young;Jeon, Young-Ju;Youn, Ma-Boung;Lee, Jong-Hak
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.437-464
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    • 2014
  • Curriculum for mathematic sis the system that selects and organizes the contents which have to be taught in school. Ultimately it can be the whole plan of school mathematical education. The study about curriculum for mathematics is the basic study field of the mathematical education, so curriculum-related studies have been continuously promoted in terms of character, organization and implement of the curriculum, learning contents contained by the curriculum, the connection between school levels, and comparison and analysis of domestic and foreign curricula. Thus, this paper investigated the 2009 Revised Curriculum for Mathematics, which is the curriculum of Korea and the CCSSM which is the curriculum of the U.S. Both have been adopted in schools recently. The purpose of this study is to understand the curricula for mathematics in elementary school of Korea and the U.S. in depth and obtain the implication for the further curriculum revision, by comparing and analyzing the curricula of two countries.

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A Study on the Introduction of Numeracy as Basic Competence in the National Curriculum (국가 교육과정에서 기초 학력으로서의 수리력 도입 방안)

  • Kim, Sun Hee;Lee, Seungmi
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 2020
  • Korea, where the national curriculum is run, can change school education by specifying basic competence in the common curriculum of elementary and middle schools for students to pursue school learning and real life. The numeracy as a basic competence should not be limited to mathematics, so it needs to be specified in the national curriculum covering several subjects and guided through various subject curriculums. To this end, the study proposed concepts, components, and levels of numeracy and proposed ways to reflect them in the national curriculum and other subjects' curricula. To ensure its validity, the UK, Canada and Australia curriculum are analyzed, and the results of the survey are proposed for various education experts. This study proposed two ways to briefly state the numeracy in the national curriculum and to imply the contents related to the numeracy in each subject curriculum, and to present the concepts, components and levels of numeracy in the national curriculum in detail and to describe numeracy code in each subject curriculum. These suggestions obtained high consent from experts.

과학영재학교 교육과정 운영실태와 학생 반응분석

  • 문경근;박일영;박수경;정권순;추봉욱;곽미용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for the Gifted Conference
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    • 2003.11a
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    • pp.165-166
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    • 2003
  • 2002년 3월부터 영재교육법 시행령이 적용됨에 따라 과학기술부에서는 교육인적자원부, 부산광역시 교육청과의 협약을 통하여 부산과학고등학교를 과학영재학교로 지정하였으며 2003년 3월 신입생 입학 이후 현재까지 운영되고 있다. 과학영재를 조기에 발굴하여 맞춤식 교육을 체계적으로 실천함으로써 지식기반 사회를 선도할 수 있는 창의적인 과학영재를 육성하려는 과학영재학교의 설립목적에 부합되도록 계획, 운영, 평가되기 위해서 현재 진행되고 있는 운영 전반에 대하여 점검 및 분석이 이루어질 필요가 있다. 이에 과학영재학교 운영상의 주요 측면인 교육과정 운영 분야에 대하여 그 실태와 학생 반응을 분석하는데 본 연구의 목적이 있다. 과학영재학교의 교육과정 기본 방침은 과학 분야에 대한 깊은 이해와 논리적, 비판적, 창의적 사고력과 태도를 통하여 지식을 창출하는 자기 주도적 탐구자의 양성을 전제로 하고 있으며 교육과정 편제는 교과, 자율연구, 위탁교육 및 특별활동으로 구성되어있다. 교과에는 국어, 사회, 외국어, 예체능을 포함하는 보통교과와 수학, 과학, 정보과학을 포함하는 전공교과가 있다(과학영재학교 교수요목안내서, 2003). 본 연구에서 교육과정 편제, R&E, 교수학습 및 평가의 하위 영역별로 그 실태와 각 영역별 학생 설문 결과를 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 영재학교 교육과정 편제 및 운영에 대한 학생들의 인식을 조사한 결과, 심화 선택과목의 학점 비중을 더 높여야한다는 의견과 보통교과의 학점을 줄이고 전공교과의 학점을 늘려야 한다는 의견이 상대적으로 높게 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 대상 학생들이 과학영재학교 선발과정에서 수학, 과학 각 분야별 우수자로 선발된 경우가 많아 학생 개인적으로 자신감을 가지는 과목만 집중적으로 학습하고자 하는 의도의 반영으로 볼 수 있다. 이와 관련하여 영재교육과정의 운영지침(이상천, 2002)에 의하면, 대학 수준의 내용을 그대로 도입하는 속진보다 창의성과 사고력 계발에 보다 충실할 수 있도록 내용의 폭을 넓히고 접근방법을 달리하는 심화 중심으로 교육과정을 구성하고 운영한다고 하였다. 그러나 현재 개발된 교육과정 편성과 운영은 창의성 교육의 구현보다는 압축형 속진 교육과정의 특성이 강하여, 이와 같은 운영지침을 실현하기 어려운 것이 현실이므로 교육과정 편제의 개선이나 운영지침에 적합한 교육내용의 개발이 시급히 이루어져야 할 것이다. 둘째, R&E(Research & Education)는‘연구를 통한 교육’,‘교육을 통한 연구’를 의미하며 과학영재교육과정의 가장 큰 특징이라 할 수 있는 자율연구와 위탁교육을 위한 프로그램이다.

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A Study on the Improvement of Problem-solving in Elementary Mathematics Textbooks - Focusing on Polya's Problem Solving - (초등 수학 교과서에서 문제해결 지도의 개선점과 개선 방향 -Polya의 문제해결을 중심으로-)

  • Ahn, Byounggon
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.405-425
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    • 2018
  • Increasing the problem solving power in school mathematics is the most important task of mathematics education. It is the ultimate goal of mathematics education to help students develop their thinking and creativity and help solve problems that arise in the real world. In this study, we investigated the contents of problem solving according to mathematics curriculum goals from the first curriculum to current curriculum in Korea. This study analyzed the problem-solving contents of the mathematics textbooks reflecting the achievement criteria of the revised curriculum in 2015. As a result, it was the first curriculum to use the terminology of problem solving in the mathematics goal of Korea's curriculum. Interest in problem solving was most actively pursued in the 6th and 7th curriculum and the 2006 revision curriculum. After that, it was neglected to be reflected in textbooks since the 2009 revision curriculum, We have identified the problems of this problem-solving instruction and suggested improvement direction.

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