• Title/Summary/Keyword: 개화기

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The Ways of Discourses in the Novels and Editorials During the Period of Korean Enlightenment (개화기 소설과 신문 사설에 나타난 담화방식)

  • Eum, Yeong-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.226-227
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    • 2015
  • 본 논문에서는 개화기 소설과 신문사설에 나타난 담화방식을 연구한 것이다. 개화기 소설과 신문 사설은 당시 대표적인 담론 매체였다. 대중들에게 쉽게 전달할 수 있는 담화방식은 개화기소설의 경우 대화체 토론체 연설체 담화방식으로 나타났다. 이는 신문 사설이 갖고 있는 한계인 설명 추상보다 진일보한 것으로 당대의 시대정신을 잘 구현한 것으로 볼 수 있다.

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Classification of Flowering Group and the Evaluation of Flowering Characteristics for Soybean (Glycine max Merrill) Varieties from North Korea (북한 콩 품종의 개화기 군 분류와 개화특성 평가)

  • Lee, Hye Ji;Kim, Bo Hwan;Kim, Wook;Park, Sei Joon
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.65 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the flowering characteristics of 22 soybean (Glycine max Merrill) varieties of North Korea and classify the flowering group by the flowering date. The flowering date and the days required for flowering with the different planting times on May 31, June 19, June 30, July 3, and July 4 were investigated at the agricultural experimental field of Korea University for three years from 2017 to 2019. The flowering date and the days for flowering of "Yeonpungkong", an early maturing soybean cultivar of Korea, were July 18 and 48 days, respectively, at the planting time of May 31, those of "Daewonkong", a mid-late maturing cultivar, were July 30 and 60 days, respectively. Based on the flowering dates of "Yeonpungkong" and "Daewonkong", North Korean soybean varieties were classified into six flowering groups. Eight North Korean soybean varieties had the flowering dates earlier than "Yeonpungkong", including "Brekkhat" classified into the early flowering group. The range of flowering date was July 2 to 15 at planting time of May 31. Twelve North Korean soybean varieties had flowering dates similar to or later than "Daewonkong", including "Chang Dan Bac Mok" classified into the mid-late flowering group. The range of flowering date was July 24 to 30 at the planting time of May 31. For flowering response to environmental stimulus, all of the mid-late flowering varieties of North Korea responded to "photosensitive or day-length" for flowering reaction. The early flowering varieties were divided by "photosensitive" response and "temperature" response variety.

Effects of Water Stress at Anthesis on the Growth and Grain Maturation in Barley (대맥 개화기의 수분부족이 생장 및 등숙에 미치는 영향)

  • 최원열
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 1980
  • This experiment was carried out to examine the effect of water stress at anthesis on the grain maturation and to interpret the immediate and resulting growth response in barley. The dry weight of root, stem, internode, flag leaf and grain under water stress was remarkably more reduced than that under no-water stress, respectively. Water stressed plants had heavier grain dry weight during 7.14 days after water stress than that under no-water stress, but this early response was reversed significantly in the later period. The relative turgidity of organs except grain under water stress was severely lowered than that under no-water stress. The net photosynthsis by rewatering after water stress had been kept at the lower level than that under no-water stress ti1l the late maturation.

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Developmental Rate Equations for Predicting Blooming Date of 'Yumyeong' (Prunus persica) Peach Trees (발육 속도 모델을 이용한 복숭아 '유명'의 개화기 예측)

  • Yun, Seok Kyu;Chung, Kyeong Ho;Yoon, Ik Koo;Nam, Eun Young;Han, Jeom Hwa;Yu, Duk Jun;Lee, Hee Jae
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2012
  • To predict the blooming date of 'Yumyeong' peach trees, the models for flower bud developmental rate (DVR) were constructed. The DVRs were calculated from the demanded times at controlled air temperatures. The branches of 'Yumyeong' peach trees were incubated at three different temperatures of 9.7, 15.2, and $18.9^{\circ}C$. The DVRs were also constructed with blooming dates and air temperatures in the field, collected from 1979 to 2008 at the experimental orchard of National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Suwon, Korea. All the DVRs increased linearly or exponentially with air temperature. The DVR equations evaluated under controlled air temperatures were y=0.0018x+0.0051 and y=$0.0125e^{0.0603x}$. The DVR equations under field conditions were calculated as y=0.0039x-0.0112 and y=$0.0062e^{0.1512x}$. These DVR equations offer developmental indices and predict the date for blooming with air temperature data. These DVR equations were validated against the blooming data observed in the field. When the blooming dates were calculated with exponential DVR equations and daily air temperature data, the root mean squared errors between the observed and predicted dates were around 2 days. These results suggest that the DVR models are useful to predict the blooming date of 'Yumyeong' peach trees.

School Mathematics and Mathematics Education Focusing on the Change in the Enlightenment Period (개화기를 중심으로 살펴본 학교수학과 수학교육)

  • Cha Joo-Yeon
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2006
  • Mathematics can be divided into practical mathematics and logical mathematics. The 'Enlightenment Period' is the period in which our mathematics shifted from practical mathematics to logical mathematics. Considering the change of our school mathematics and mathematics education in the enlightenment period, we reach the following conclusions. First, the contents and forms of mathematics books followed to Western style, but the attitudes adhered to on. Second, making much of results than process, we are afraid of proof. Third, we necessitate the mathematics culture of enjoying itself.

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A Study on the Feature of Chemistry Education Through Analyzing into the Chemistry Textbooks Published in the Enlightenment Period in Korea (개화기 화학교과서의 분석을 통한 화학교육의 특성 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.427-435
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    • 2004
  • Characteristics of chemistry education during the enlightenment period in Korea are examined by analyzing chemistry textbooks used in the period. Specifically, the analysis is made from the aspects of science, students and teachers. As a result it is found that; first, scientific knowledge itself is emphasized, contrary to those described in the curriculum of chemistry used in the period, and it consists of introduction, non-metals, metals and organic chemistry in chemistry textbook, second, the level of chemistry is similar with that in present high schools, and its technical constitution might have been difficult for a student to study with an experiment, third, terminology lacks consistency and some textbooks include contents of other subject. It is therefore believed that the chemistry textbooks of the enlightenment period is scientifically incomplete and would not have been easy for the teachers to use them to teach the students. In addition, considering the students as a beginner of modern sciences, study level could have been too difficult for them to follow. In conclusion, it appears that chemistry education during the enlightenment period in Korea was not so successful.

A Study on Elementary Mathematics Education in the Age of Enlightenment (개화기 초등수학교육 재음미)

  • Cho, Youngmi
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.161-181
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    • 2018
  • This paper summarized the changes in elementary school mathematics education that took place at the national level during the Enlightenment Elementary Mathematics Education period from 1876 to 1910. For this purpose, we divided the enlightenment period into three periods and examined major changes related to elementary school mathematics education at each period. The necessity of arithmetic education began to be recognized before the reform of the Taoist reform, and arithmetic education became a national curriculum in the beginning of the Taoist reform period. Particularly, during the reforming period of the Gap, the elementary mathematics textbooks of mixed Korean and Chinese were published. In the period when the intervention of the Japanese imperialism began, the arithmetic education has been reduced or weakened in accordance with the education policy of 'simple' and 'use'. It is also remarkable that an arithmetic book for elementary teachers was published at this time.

A Study on the Modes of Human Communication Reflected in the New-style Novels of the Korean Enlightenment Era (신소설을 통해 본 개화기의 인간 커뮤니케이션 양태)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.68
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    • pp.34-64
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    • 2014
  • This paper analyzed the modes of human communication of the Korean enlightenment era through 9 new-style novels with the assumption that the fictitious world of novels reflect the social realities of that time. The most noticeable fact was that the communication environment of that time were remarkably diversified with the new media, such as newspaper, printed book, postal system, telegraph, telephone, and photo. But the communication of most people was mainly relied on traditional oral communication. In oral communication the hierarchical relationship and age were the most important variable as usual but the formality and etiquette were weakened than Late Chosun Dynasty. The distribution of written culture was enlarged especially by women and lower class. The contact with the foreign cultures which had become possible after the opening of ports brought about intercultural communication. In conclusion it can be said that the communication of people in the enlightenment era was mainly by oral communication but the reliance on the media was enlarged gradually.

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Audience Movement in the Beginning Period of Modern Newspaper in Korea (개화기의 언론 수용자운동)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.18
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    • pp.305-331
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    • 2002
  • This study discusses on the historical origin of audience movement in Korea. Most relevant studies suggest that the audience movement in Korea originated from the struggle against the Press Ethics Committee in 1964. But, this paper attempts to trace some historical cases before that time. This study analyze two historical cases in the beginning period of modern newspaper in Korea. One is the setting fire of Bakmunguk(office building of Hansung-Sunbo, the first modern newspaper in Korea) in 1884. It was caused by the anti-Japan recognition of the public, who thought that the Hansung-Sunbo was influenced by Japan in many respects. The other is the donation campaign by readers to aid the newspapers which were in a financial predicament. It was carried for the Hwangsung-Shinmun in 1903 and for the Jeguk-Shinmun in 1907. This study suggests that we may regard these two historical cases as seminal forms of audience movement, and argues that the historical origin of audience movement in Korea can be traced to the beginning period of modern newspaper.

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