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The Influence of Oxygen Gas Flow Rate on Growth of Tin Dioxide Nanostructures  

Kim, Jong-Il (Department of Advanced Chemical Engineering, Mokwon University)
Kim, Ki-Chul (Department of Advanced Chemical Engineering, Mokwon University)
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Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society / v.19, no.10, 2018 , pp. 1-7 More about this Journal
Tin dioxide, $SnO_2$, is applied as an anode material in Li-ion batteries and a gas sensing materials, which shows changes in resistance in the presence of gas molecules, such as $H_2$, NO, $NO_2$ etc. Considerable research has been done on the synthesis of $SnO_2$ nanostructures. Nanomaterials exhibit a high surface to volume ratio, which means it has an advantage in sensing gas molecules and improving the specific capacity of Li-ion batteries. In this study, $SnO_2$ nanostructures were grown on a Si substrate using a thermal CVD process with the vapor transport method. The carrier gas was mixed with high purity Ar gas and oxygen gas. The crystalline phase of the as-grown tin oxide nanostructures was affected by the oxygen gas flow rate. The crystallographic property of the as-grown tin oxide nanostructures were investigated by Raman spectroscopy and XRD. The morphology of the as-grown tin oxide nanostructures was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. As a result, the $SnO_2$ nanostructures were grown directly on Si wafers with moderate thickness and a nanodot surface morphology for a carrier gas mixture ratio of Ar gas 1000 SCCM : $O_2$ gas 10 SCCM.
tin dioxide; nanostructure; vapor transport method; chemical vapor deposition; oxygen flow rate;
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