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Effects of Respiratory Rehabilitation Training Using a Harmonica for Patients With Spinal Cord Injuries  

Kim, Hyuk Gun (Applied Arts Major, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University)
Kim, Min Seo (Applied Arts Major, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University)
Lim, Han Mil (Social Welfare Major, Kyung Hee Cyber University)
Joeng, So (Music Therapy Major, Graduate School of Music, Kosin University)
Shin, Uk Ju (Applied Arts Major, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University)
Publication Information
Journal of Music and Human Behavior / v.15, no.2, 2018 , pp. 23-39 More about this Journal
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of respiratory rehabilitation using a wind instrument for patients suffering from spinal cord injuries. From January 15, 2018 to April 15, 2018, we conducted ten 1-hour sessions of a harmonica program with eight patients with spinal cord injuries with average age of 37 years who could not perform abdominal breathing by themselves. We measured and compared patients' breathing capacity before and after the 10 sessions. Designed particularly for patients with spinal cord injuries resulting in a limited range of neck movement, the study used a 10-hole diatonic harmonica whose length was relatively short. For those patients who had difficulty using their hands, a harmonica holder was provided. Participants were trained to play simple tunes. They were guided to use abdominal breathing to make sounds, with emphasis on those parts requiring long and strong breathing. The results showed that for all eight patients both their breathing volume and their inspiratory volume increased following participation in the harmonica program. Also, the program had psychological benefits (e.g., more life satisfaction and less sadness) and additional physical benefits (e.g., less dizziness due to low blood pressure and better phlegm spitting). This study offers a unique way to help patients with spinal cord injuries to improve their breathing capacity, which may also be associated with a greater quality of life.
spinal cord injury; rehabilitation; harmonica; respiration; quality of life;
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Times Cited By KSCI : 1  (Citation Analysis)
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