국외 음악정서조율 연구의 음악 논거 및 충실도 분석

Analysis of Music Rationale and Fidelity in Music Emotion Regulation Studies

  • 정현주 (이화여자대학교 대학원 음악치료학과, 이화뮤직웰니스연구센터) ;
  • 김보현 (이화뮤직웰니스연구센터) ;
  • 김현주 (이화여자대학교 대학원 음악치료학과, 이화뮤직웰니스연구센터)
  • Chong, Hyun Ju (Department of Music Therapy, Graduate School, Ewha Womans University, Ewha Music Wellness Research Center) ;
  • Kim, Bohyun (Ewha Music Wellness Research Center) ;
  • Kim, Hyeon Joo (Department of Music Therapy, Graduate School, Ewha Womans University, Ewha Music Wellness Research Center)
  • 투고 : 2024.02.29
  • 심사 : 2024.04.16
  • 발행 : 2024.04.30


음악이 지닌 정서 반응에 대한 관심과 함께 음악의 조율적 기제에 대한 연구가 지속적으로 수행되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 정서 조율을 위한 음악 중재 연구의 음악 선곡 근거, 활동구성 항목과 실행 논거에 대한 충실도를 분석하고자 하였다. 선정 기준에 부합한 총 45편의 국외 연구를 수집하여 연구의 전반적 특성을 검토하고, 음악이 사용된 시간, 곡 수, 선곡 논거 및 주체(참여자 vs. 연구자) 등 관련된 기준과 실행 논거를 분석하였다. 분석 결과 연구 목표가 음악의 정서 조율 효과를 알아보기 위한 연구임에도 불구하고 대다수의 연구가 사용된 음악에 대한 구체적인 정보와 일관된 통제가 부족했음이 확인되었다. 또한 음악 활동, 음악 선곡 및 음악 사용 시간에 대한 타당한 근거가 제시되지 않았고, 음악의 정서 조율 기제에 대한 이론적 기반이 부족하였다. 본 연구 결과는 음악정서조율(Music Emotion Regulation: MER)이라는 주제가 연구 영역으로 자리 잡기 위해서는 음악의 정서 조율의 기제에 대해 논거 충실도를 갖추어야 할 필요성을 암시한다. 이러한 엄격한 충실도는 음악이 지닌 치료적 고유성에 대한 연구 재현성 및 내실도를 높이는 데에 기여할 것이다.

With increasing interest in the emotional responses to music, research on the regulatory mechanisms of music has been ongoing. This study examines the fidelity of music emotion regulation (MER) studies by analyzing the quality of rationales provided for using music to induce emotional regulation. A total of 45 internationally published studies were collected for review, and analysis was conducted on criteria related to the use of music, including duration, number of pieces, selection rationale, and the selecting agent. Despite the research objectives aiming to investigate the emotional regulation effects of music, it was found that the majority of studies lacked specific information about the music used, and there was weak consistency among the studies. Additionally, reliable evidence for music activities, music selection, and music implementation time was not provided, and there was a lack of logical basis for the regulatory mechanisms of music. The results of this study imply the necessity for fidelity to the rationale of music emotion regulation to establish itself as a research area. Such rigorous fidelity will contribute to increasing the replicability and integrity of research on the therapeutic uniqueness of music.



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