Translational gut microbiome research for strategies to improve beef cattle production sustainability and meat quality

  • Yasushi Mizoguchi (School of Agriculture, Meiji University) ;
  • Le Luo Guan (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta)
  • Received : 2023.09.26
  • Accepted : 2023.12.12
  • Published : 2024.02.01


Advanced and innovative breeding and management of meat-producing animals are needed to address the global food security and sustainability challenges. Beef production is an important industry for securing animal protein resources in the world and meat quality significantly contributes to the economic values and human needs. Improvement of cattle feed efficiency has become an urgent task as it can lower the environmental burden of methane gas emissions and the reduce the consumption of human edible cereal grains. Cattle depend on their symbiotic microbiome and its activity in the rumen and gut to maintain growth and health. Recent developments in high-throughput omics analysis (metagenome, metatranscriptome, metabolome, metaproteome and so on) have made it possible to comprehensively analyze microbiome, hosts and their interactions and to define their roles in affecting cattle biology. In this review, we focus on the relationships among gut microbiome and beef meat quality, feed efficiency, methane emission as well as host genetics in beef cattle, aiming to determine the current knowledge gaps for the development of the strategies to improve the sustainability of beef production.



The authors were supported by overseas research grants from Meiji university, Alberta Funding consortium (RDAR 2018F095R, RDAR/AM021F041R, SCA2019-115), Beef Cattle Research Council (FDE.18.21C) and NSERC Discovery grant.


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