A Study on Factors Influencing Digital Entrepreneurship and Digital Innovation: Moderating Effect of Technology Absorptive Capacity

디지털 기업가정신과 디지털 혁신에 미치는 영향 요인 연구: 기술흡수역량의 조절효과 분석

  • Jang Sung Hee (Research Institute of Creative & Cultural Industries, Kyungpook National University)
  • 장성희 (경북대학교 문화산업연구소)
  • Received : 2023.11.13
  • Accepted : 2024.01.11
  • Published : 2024.02.29


The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors affecting digital entrepreneurship and digital innovation and the moderating effect of technology absorptive capacity. To achieve the research purpose, the contributing factors are set as technical characteristic (digital technology capability), organizational characteristics (digital learning capability and financial readiness), and institutional pressures (coercive pressure, mimetic pressure, and normative pressure). The research model and hypothesis are established based on the theoretical background of digital entrepreneurship, digital innovation, institutional pressure, and technology absorptive capacity. The proposed model is analyzed by targeting 104 companies. Smart Partial Least Square (PLS) 4.0 is utilized for deriving the study results. The results of hypothesis testing are as follows: First, digital technology capability, digital learning capability, financial readiness, and institutional pressure have a positive influence on digital entrepreneurship. Second, digital entrepreneurship has a positive impact on digital innovation. Finally, technology absorptive capacity has a moderating effect in influencing digital entrepreneurship on digital innovation. The results of this study emphasize the need for digital entrepreneurship in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and digital transformation, and may provide strategic implications for companies that desire to achieve digital innovation through digital entrepreneurship.

본 연구는 디지털 기업가정신과 디지털 혁신에 영향을 미치는 요인과 기술흡수역량의 조절효과를 검증하는 것이 목적이다. 연구목적을 달성하기 위해 디지털 기업가정신에 영향을 미치는 요인을 기술 특성(디지털 기술역량), 조직 특성(디지털 학습역량, 재무 준비성), 제도적 압력(강제적 압력, 모방적 압력, 규범적 압력)으로 설정하였다. 그리고 디지털 기업가정신과 디지털 혁신에 영향 관계에서 기술흡수역량의 조절효과를 검증하고자 한다. 디지털 기업가정신, 디지털 혁신, 제도적 압력, 기술흡수역량에 대한 이론적 배경을 바탕으로 연구모형과 연구가설을 설정하였다. 국내 104개 기업을 대상으로 Smart PLS 4.0을 이용하여 실증분석을 하였다. 분석 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 디지털 기술역량, 디지털 학습역량, 재무 준비성, 제도적 압력은 디지털 기업가정신에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 디지털 기업가정신은 디지털 혁신에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로, 디지털 기업가정신이 디지털 혁신에 영향을 미치는데 있어서 기술흡수역량이 조절효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과는 4차 산업혁명과 디지털 전환 시대에 디지털 기업가 정신의 필요성을 강조하였고, 디지털 기업가정신을 통해 디지털 혁신을 달성하고자 하는 기업들에게 전략적 시사점을 제공할 것이다.



이 논문은 2021년 대한민국 교육부와 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 연구임(NRF-2021S1A5B5A16077451)


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