Feasibility of a Parent-Led Home-Based Music Program to Enhance Parental Competence and the Parent-Child Relationship for Parents of Children With ASD

자폐스펙트럼장애 아동 부모의 양육효능감 및 부모-아동 관계 증진을 위한 부모 주도 가정 기반 음악프로그램의 실행 가능성

  • Received : 2023.10.26
  • Accepted : 2023.11.21
  • Published : 2023.11.30


This study aimed to assess the feasibility and impact of a 5-week parent-led home-based music program for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The program aimed to enhance the parents' sense of competence and their relationships with their child. Each week for 5 weeks, 10 parents of 10 children with ASD (aged 3 to 9 years) received weekly 30-minute personalized lessons on how to implement the home-based music program and implemented the educated music program at home with activities involving receptive and active engagement. On average, the parents conducted the music program 2.5 times a week for about 9.2 minutes per session. At the end of the 5 weeks, parents reported increased comfort and effectiveness in interacting with their child through music. In addition, positive changes were noted on the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale and the closeness aspect of the parent-child relationship. Participants affirmed the program's feasibility, emphasizing its potential for supporting families with children with ASD. These results provide foundational data for future home-based music activities and programs, emphasizing the importance of tailoring interventions to the unique needs of families with children with ASD.

본 연구에서는 ASD 아동 부모가 자녀와 함께 가정에서 음악 프로그램을 직접 실행하는 것이 양육효능감과 부모-아동 관계 증진에 도움이 되는지 탐색하고자 하였다. 대상자는 만 3세-9세 사이의 ASD 아동의 부모 10명이 참여하였고, 각 부모는 주 1회, 30분씩 개별로 이루어진 사전 교육에 참여한 후 총 5주간 가정 기반 음악 프로그램을 실행하였다. 가정 기반 음악 프로그램은 부모가 가정에서 활용할 수 있는 음악을 적용한 활동을 구성하고, 아동과의 상호작용이나 부모가 활동에 관하여 결정하거나 조정할 수 있는 수준을 수용적인 수준에서부터 능동적, 자율적 수준까지 총 3단계로 구성하였다. 본 연구 결과, ASD 아동 부모가 한 주간 음악 활동을 실행한 평균 횟수는 2.5회, 평균 진행 시간 9.2분으로 나타났으며, 부모가 지각하는 '편안함'과 '자녀와의 상호작용에 도움이 된 정도'의 인식이 점차 증가하는 것으로 확인되었다. 또한 부모의 양육효능감, 부모-아동의 '친밀감' 영역에서도 유의한 수준의 긍정적 변화가 나타났으며, 대상자들은 프로그램의 적용 가능성을 긍정적으로 평가하였다. 이러한 결과는 ASD 아동의 가족을 지원할 때, 가족의 고유한 특성과 필요를 고려하는 중요성과 다양한 음악 활용 방안을 지원하는 전략의 필요성을 시사한다. 본 연구에서 도출된 결과 및 부모의 보고 내용을 통해 수집된 자료는 추후 가정 기반 음악 활동 및 프로그램에서 실행 가능한 수준과 범위, 고려 사항을 제안하는 데 유용한 기초자료로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.



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