Parents' Perceptions on Their Experiences and Roles in a Synchronous Videoconferencing Music Therapy Intervention for Their Children With Developmental Disabilities

발달장애 아동·청소년 대상 실시간 비대면 음악치료에서의 보호자 역할에 대한 인식 조사

  • Received : 2023.04.20
  • Accepted : 2023.05.18
  • Published : 2023.05.30


Given the ongoing discussion regarding remote music therapy following the COVID-19 pandemic and the pivotal role of parental involvement in it, this study investigated parents' perceptions on their roles in a synchronous videoconferencing music therapy for their children with developmental disabilities. A total of 32 participants participated in an online survey comprising 68 questions. Descriptive statistics summarized the collected responses, and Pearson's correlation was conducted to examine the relationship between perceived parental roles, psychological burden, and willingness to participate in future remote music therapy. The findings showed that parents of children with developmental disabilities acknowledged the benefits of tele-music therapy and possessed substantial information about its implementation. Furthermore, they reported their roles of providing physical, participatory, and mediating support. As parents exhibited greater satisfaction with their role in supporting their children's participation or managing their off-task behaviors, they perceived reduced psychological burden. These findings hold significant implications for expansion of tele-music therapy strategies to address the unique needs of children with developmental disabilities and support their parents as immediate mediators for their children.

COVID-19 팬데믹 이후 비대면 음악치료에 대한 논의가 지속되고 있는 시점에 비대면 치료 시 보호자의 참여 및 역할의 중요성을 고려해 본 연구에서는 발달장애 아동·청소년에 제공되고 있는 실시간 비대면 음악치료에서 보호자가 어떠한 경험을 했고, 자신의 역할에 대해 어떻게 인식하는지 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 만 2-18세의 발달장애 아동·청소년(이하 아동) 자녀를 둔 보호자 32명을 대상으로 비대면 음악치료 경험과 이에 대한 인식 등의 68문항으로 구성된 설문조사를 온라인으로 실시하였다. 수집된 자료에 대한 기술통계를 실시하였고, 비대면 음악치료에서 보호자가 수행한 역할에 대한 만족도, 비대면 음악치료에서 경험한 심리적 부담감, 향후 비대면 음악치료 참여 의사 수준 간 상관관계를 Pearson's correlation을 통해 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 발달장애 아동 보호자들은 비대면 음악치료와 관련된 많은 정보를 가지고 있고, 비대면 음악치료의 혜택에 대해 인식하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 자신이 참여적 보조 및 중재적 보조 역할을 수행한 것에 대한 만족도가 높을수록 비대면 음악치료에서 가진 심리적 부담감이 낮은 것으로 나타났고, 비대면과 대면 음악치료의 이점을 다르게 인식하고 있음을 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 결과는 포스트 코로나 시대를 대비해 새로운 패러다임으로서의 실시간 비대면 음악치료가 장애아동과 장애아동의 가족에게 의미하는 바에 대한 구체적인 자료를 제시할 수 있었으며, 이는 보호자들에게 보다 구체적이고 효과적으로 지원할 수 있는 방향에 대한 기초자료로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.



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