The Study on the Relationship between COVID-19 Risk Perception, Job Instability, and Mental Health - Focusing on hotel workers -

코로나19 위험인식과 직업불안정, 정신건강 간의 관계 연구 - 호텔종사자를 중심으로 -

  • Jung-Min Lee (Korea Foundation of Industrial Health Care and Welfare) ;
  • Min-Hee Hong (Department of Dental Hygiene, Division of Health Science, Baekseok University)
  • 이정민 (한국산업의료복지연구원) ;
  • 홍민희 (백석대학교 보건학부 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2023.09.19
  • Accepted : 2023.12.20
  • Published : 2023.12.30


The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effects of job insecurity on the relationship between COVID-19 risk perception and mental health in hotel workers. For this study, a sample of 633 hotel workers completed the questionnaires: COVID-19 risk perception, job insecurity, depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms. The data was analyzed by SPSS 25.0 program and PROCESS macro program. The main results can be summarized as follows. 1. The risk group of the job insecurity had a significantly higher level of mental health(depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms) compared with the normal group. 2. COVID-19 risk perception showed a significant effects on job insecurity and mental health(depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms). 3. The results showed a partial mediating effects of job insecurity on the relationship between COVID-19 risk perception and mental health(depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms). On the basis of the results, we discuss that hotel workers have the vulnerability of mental health in disaster situations such as COVID-19 pandemic, and that mental health risk increases due to the job insecurity caused by COVID-19. we propose the need to support human resource management measures and psychological programs for hotel workers.

본 연구는 호텔종사자의 코로나19 위험인식과 정신건강 간의 관계에서 직업불안정의 매개효과를 검증하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 호텔종사자 633명에게 코로나19 위험인식, 직업불안정, 우울, 불안, 신체화 증상의 질문지를 시행하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 25.0 프로그램과 PROCESS Macro 프로그램을 활용하여 분석하였다. 주요 결과는 다음으로 요약할 수 있다. 1. 직업불안정 위험군은 정상군과 비교하여 정신건강 위험(우울, 불안, 신체화 증상) 수준이 유의하게 높았다. 2. 코로나19 위험인식은 직업불안정과 정신건강(우울, 불안, 신체화 증상)에 유의한 영향을 나타냈다. 3. 코로나19 위험인식과 정신건강(우울, 불안, 신체화 증상)간의 관계에서 직업불안정의 부분매개효과가 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 근거로 호텔종사자들이 코로나19 대유행과 같은 재난 상황에서 정신건강 취약성을 가지고 있고, 코로나19가 초래한 직업불안정으로 인하여 정신건강 위험성이 더 증가함을 논의하였다. 호텔종사자들을 위한 인적자원 관리 방안 및 심리 프로그램을 지원할 필요성을 제안하였다.



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