A Study on Retro Fashion Culture in South Korea from the Perspective of Nostalgia -A Focus on Newspapers-

노스탤지어 관점에서의 한국 레트로 패션 문화 연구 -신문기사를 중심으로-

  • Jung, Dawool (Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, Seoul National University) ;
  • Ha, Jisoo (Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, Seoul National University)
  • 정다울 (서울대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 하지수 (서울대학교 의류학과)
  • Received : 2022.03.21
  • Accepted : 2022.08.22
  • Published : 2022.10.31


Retro fashion is emerging among young people as an approach to discovering a new meaning in Korea's historical culture. Research on Korea's unique retro fashion culture is required because there is no research on retro fashion culture based on Korea's historical background. Therefore, this study examined how retro fashion culture has progressed based on Korea's historical background from a nostalgic perspective. All retro-related newspaper articles from 1950 to 2020 were collected, and content analysis was conducted for each semantic unit. The results revealed that personal nostalgia is based on personal experience and is extending to younger generations. In terms of nostalgia in interpersonal relationships, the younger generation reinterpreted the fashion culture of the older generation after the 2010s. In terms of vicarious nostalgia, a retro culture reminiscent of the 1990s with a background in economic development and consumption culture appeared after 2012. The youth culture and university culture of the 1970s and 1980s were reinterpreted as street fashion. Since the late 2010s, the younger generation has been exhibiting cultural nostalgia, believing that the historical Korean culture is not outdated but has a unique heritage formed during the modernization process. Symbolic nostalgia appeared in Korean fashion culture during modernization.