Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Collaborative Problem-posing as a Means to Promote Students' Creativity and Character

창의성과 인성 교육 방안으로서 협력 문제 만들기에 대한 수학 예비교사의 인식

  • 이봉주 (경북대학교 수학교육과)
  • Received : 2022.08.08
  • Accepted : 2022.09.08
  • Published : 2022.09.30


This study aimed to examine how prospective mathematics teachers (PMTs) perceive collaborative problem-posing (CPP) as a method to cultivate students' creativity and character in mathematics education. This is to propose the introduction of CPP at the stage of preparatory math teacher education as one of the ways to reinforce the creativity and character education capacity of PMT), and to attempt to be an opportunity to actively utilize CPP in math teaching-learning in the school field for the education of students' creativity and character. To achieve this objective, I designed PMTs taking the 'Educational Theories for Teaching Mathematics' course, required in the second year of university, to experience CPP tasks. Data were collected through questionnaires or interviews over three years on how PMTs recognized the CPP tasks as a tool to cultivate students' creativity and character in secondary schools. The results of the study are as follows. First, PMTs recognized regardless of their CPP experience that CPP might have a positive impact on improving students' ability to devise various ideas and that it positively influences students' attitudes toward building interpersonal relationships, including teamwork, respect, and consideration. Second, the experience of PMTs participating in the CPP made them more positively aware that CPP is effective in improving students' ability to elaborate on ideas. Third, the PMTs' experience of participating in CPP led to a more positive perception of the impact of CPP on the students' abilities and attitudes, namely, the students' ability to elaborate on ideas and their inner attitudes toward individuals, including honesty, fairness, and responsibility, and the attitude of students regarding logically presenting their opinions and making rational decisions. Finally, if there are downsides to the offline environment, an online environment may be more beneficial.

이 연구는 수학 예비교사가 수학교육에서 학생들의 창의성과 인성을 함양하기 위한 방법으로 협력 문제 만들기를 어떻게 인식하는지 고찰하는 것을 목적으로 수행되었다. 이를 통해 수학 예비교사의 창의성 교육과 인성교육 역량을 강화할 수 있는 방안의 하나로 수학 예비교사 교육 단계에서 협력 문제 만들기를 도입하는 것은, 이후 학교교육에서도 창의성 교육과 인성 교육을 위해 협력 문제 만들기를 좀 더 적극적으로 실천할 수 있는 계기가 될 것임을 밝히고자 하였다. 대학교 2학년 과정에 필수 과목으로 개설하는 '수학교육론' 강좌를 수강하는 수학 예비교사를 대상으로 협력 문제 만들기 과제를 수행하게 하고 3년에 걸쳐 설문조사, 면담 등의 방법으로 자료를 보완·수집하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 수학 예비교사는 협력 문제 만들기 경험과 상관없이 협력 문제 만들기가 학생들의 다양한 아이디어 산출 능력 함양 및 협동심, 존중, 배려를 포함한 학생의 대인 관계 형성 태도 등에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다고 인식하였다. 둘째, 협력 문제 만들기 과제를 수행한 수학 예비교사의 경험은 협력 문제 만들기가 학생의 아이디어 정교화 능력 향상에 효과적이라는 것을 더 긍정적으로 인식하게 하였다. 셋째, 수학 예비교사의 협력 문제 만들기 경험은 협력 문제 만들기가 아이디어 정교화 능력, 개인의 내적 태도(정직, 공정성, 책임감), 논리적인 의견 제시와 합리적인 의사 결정 태도 등에 미치는 영향에 대해 보다 긍정적인 인식으로 이어졌다. 마지막으로 대면 환경의 단점을 온라인 환경이 보완해 줄 수 있을 것으로 기대하고 제언하였다.



This research was supported by Kyungpook National University Research Fund, 2020.


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