Effects of Foot Bath and Spray Application of Peppermint and Grapefruit Essential Oils on Lower Extremity Edema, Pain, and Fatigue

페퍼민트, 그레이프후룻 에센셜 오일을 이용한 족욕 또는 스프레이 적용이 하지부종, 통증 및 피로에 미치는 효과

  • Han, Ari (Department of Nursing, Eulji University) ;
  • Kim, Juri (College of Nursing, University of Kyungmin) ;
  • Hur, Myung-Haeng (College of Nursing, Eulji University)
  • 한아리 (을지대학교 대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 김주리 (경민대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 허명행 (을지대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2021.06.29
  • Accepted : 2021.11.20
  • Published : 2022.01.28


Work involving standing or walking for a long time can cause swelling, pain, and fatigue in the lower extremities due to the effect of gravity on the circulation of the body. This study aimed to confirm the effects of aromatherapy essential oils, as a complementary and alternative therapy, on lower extremity edema, pain, and fatigue when applied as a foot bath or spray. The study was conducted after daytime work over two consecutive days on nurses who volunteered at the E University Hospital in D Metropolitan city between 15 August 2018 and 11 October 2018. This randomized controlled study. The foot bath group received a foot bath in 9 L of water containing 0.5 ml of essential oil blended with grapefruit and peppermint in a 1:1 ratio. The spray group received the same solution in 3% dilution in the form of a spray. Edema was assessed by measuring calf and ankle circumference, while pain and fatigue were evaluated using a numerical rating scale. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and repeated-measures ANOVA. The calf circumference in the foot bath and spray groups significantly reduced compared to that in the control group (F = 14.053, p <.001) after the interventions. Lower extremity pain (F = 42.497, p < .001) and fatigue (F = 20.641, p < .001) also significantly reduced in the foot bath and spray groups compared to those in the control group after the interventions. Foot bath is recommended to relieve swelling and pain in the lower extremities, and aroma spray is highly recommended considering the ease of application.

오랫동안 서 있거나 걷는 등의 작업 후에 흔히 중력으로 인한 체내순환이 영향을 받아 하지의 부종, 통증, 피로 등이 발생할 수 있다. 본 연구는 보완대체요법으로 아로마테라피 에센셜 오일을 이용하여 족욕 또는 스프레이로 적용하였을 때 하지부종 및 하지통증, 피로에 미치는 효과를 확인하기 위한 연구이다. 본 연구는 무작위통제연구이며, 연구 참여자는 2018년 8월 15일부터 2018년 10월 11일까지 D광역시 소재 E 대학교병원에서 연구 참여자 모집공고에 자원한 간호사 78 명을 대상으로 동질성을 유지하기 위한 낮번 근무를 하는 간호사로 하였다. 실험 중재는 그레이프후룻과 페퍼민트를 1:1로 블렌딩한 에센셜 오일을 0.5ml 넣은 9L의 물에 족욕을 하거나 3%로 희석하여 분사하는 스프레이 방법을 적용하였다. 자료는 ANOVA, Repeated Measures ANOVA로 분석하였다. 아로마 테라피 족욕군과 스프레이군의 종아리 둘레가 대조군에 비해 유의하게 감소하였다(F = 14.053, p <.001). 하지 통증 (F = 42.497, p <.001)과 피로 (F = 20.641, p <.001)도 실험 중재 후 아로마테라피 족욕군과 스프레이군에서 대조군보다 유의하게 감소하였다. 하지의 부종과 통증을 완화하기 위해 족욕을 권장하며, 적용 수월성을 고려할 때 아로마 스프레이를 적극 권장한다.



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