Growth performance, carcass traits and gut health of broiler chickens fed diets incorporated with single cell protein

  • Hombegowda, Gangavadi P. (Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University) ;
  • Suresh, Bypanahalli N. (Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University) ;
  • Shivakumar, Mysore C. (Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University) ;
  • Ravikumar, Puttamallappa (Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University) ;
  • Girish, Bekkere C. (Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University) ;
  • Rudrappa, Satturu M. (Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University) ;
  • Indresh, Huchamanadoddi C. (Veterinary College, KVAFSU)
  • Received : 2020.12.17
  • Accepted : 2021.03.17
  • Published : 2021.12.01


Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate single cell protein (SCP), produced from Methylococcus species, as a protein source on the growth performance, carcass traits and gut health of broiler chickens. Methods: Ten iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets containing 0 (Control), 2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, and 10% SCP replacing either soybean meal (T1 to T5) or fish meal (T6 to T10) were formulated. Each diet prepared for starter (0 to 14 days), grower (15 to 21 days), and finisher (22 to 42 days) phases was offered to four replicates of 10 chicks each (n = 400). Growth performance at different phases and carcass characteristics and intestinal morphology on 42nd day of trial were measured. Results: Body weight gain in groups fed 2.5% and 5% SCP diets were comparable to control during different phases and cumulatively, however lower (p<0.01) in 7.5% and 10% SCP diets. Feed conversion ratio was better (p<0.01) in 2.5% and 5% SCP diets. Dressing percentage, abdominal fat percentage and meat:bone ratio were not affected (p>0.05) by SCP inclusion in the diets. However, breast percentage was higher (p<0.01) in 2.5% and 5% SCP groups and thigh percentage higher in 7.5% and 10% SCP groups. Total microbial count in duodenum, jejunum and ileum were not affected (p>0.05) by SCP inclusion up to 10% in diets. Duodenal villi length and crypt depth were highest (p<0.01) in group fed 5% SCP diets and lowest in group fed 10% SCP diets. Jejunal villi length and crypt depth as well as ileal villi length were lowest (p<0.01) in group fed 10% SCP diets. Body weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and gut health were better (p<0.01) in broilers fed fish meal based diets compared to soybean meal based diets. Conclusion: It was concluded that inclusion of SCP up to 5% replacing soybean meal in broiler diets is beneficial in improving growth rate, breast yield and gut health status.



Financial assistance from M/s String Bio Pvt Ltd., Bangalore, India and technical guidance from Prof. B.S.Venkatarami Reddy is duly acknowledged.


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