A study of the Summary Handbook of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (鍼灸要覽) and its acupoints

『침구요람(鍼灸要覽)』의 침구요혈해(鍼灸要穴解)에 대한 문헌고찰

  • Received : 2020.04.29
  • Accepted : 2020.05.22
  • Published : 2020.05.31


The Summary Handbook of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (鍼灸要覽) (SHAM) was written by an unknown folk healer who learned acupuncture about 100 years ago in Korea. The book discusses 79 acupoints and includes a table of contents, a text, and a pair of acupoint charts. The acupoints in the book are classed under two headings, 49 acupoints of 14 meridians and 33 acupoints. A number of the acupoints such as Gichoong (氣忠), Eumheobong (陰虛峰), Goowa (口卧), Cheonryang (天良) did not fit the then existing meridian system and were newly uncovered by the authors. The book also discusses needle insertion depth in a way that is quite different from how insertion depth is understood by clinicians today. Books such as SHAM that record new acupoints and treatments are rare among Korea's existing medical and clinical books and can be said to be very important in terms of medical history.



  1. 孫思邈. 備急千金要方. 北京:人民衛生出版社(江戶醫學影北宋本 影印). 1955.
  2. 孫思邈. 千金翼方. 北京:人民衛生出版社(梅溪書院本 影印). 1955.
  3. 許浚. 東醫寶鑑. 서울:大星文化社(嶺營 開刊本 1754). 1981.
  4. 楊繼洲. 鍼灸大成. 서울:大星文化社. 1990.
  5. 저자미상. 循經考穴編. 上海:群联出版社(清康熙寫本, 影印本). 1955.
  6. 高武. 鍼灸聚英. 北京:中國中醫藥出版社. 2007.
  7. 王惟一. 銅人腧穴鍼灸圖經. 北京:重刻本 影印本. 1444(正統8年).
  8. 안상우, 이상훈. 한국 전통침구기술 근거문헌 조사집. 대전:한국한의학연구원. 2016.
  9. WHO 서태평양지역사무처 지음. 한국한의학연구원, 대한침구학회, 경락경혈학회 옮김. WHO/WPRO 표준경혈위치. 서울:엘스비어코리아. 2009.
  10. 許任. 鍼灸經驗方. 서울:杏林出版社. 1949.
  11. 楊維傑 編. 黃帝內經譯解-靈樞. 서울:成輔社. 1980.
  12. 皇甫謐. 鍼灸甲乙經. 北京:中國中醫藥出版社(影印本). 1936.
  13. 吳謙. 醫宗金鑑. 北京:人民衛生出版社. 1996.
  14. 吳崑. 鍼方六集. 北京:人民衛生出版社. 1962.
  15. 王富春. 奇穴新穴圖譜. 北京:科學技術文獻出版社. 2004.
  16. 王献廷. 民國四年重繪明堂圖. 北京:北京中醫藥大學圖書館藏. 1915.
  17. 傳統醫學硏究所 編輯. 東洋醫學大辭典. 서울:成輔社. 2000.