DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Emergence of Research-oriented Department of Mathematics in Johns Hopkins University (1876-1883)

전문 연구 중심의 존스 홉킨스 대학 수학과 설립 (1876-1883)

  • Jung, Won (Dept. of Science Studies, Jeonbuk National Univ.)
  • Received : 2020.01.27
  • Accepted : 2020.02.17
  • Published : 2020.02.28

Abstract

Daniel Coit Gilman, the first president of Johns Hopkins University, aspired to build an ideal university focused on the competent faculty and their research. His plan was carried out through opening the first American graduate program, hiring professors with the highest-level research performances, assigning them less teaching burdens, and encouraging them to actively publish professional journals. He introduced Department of Mathematics as an initial model to put his plan into practice, and James Joseph Sylvester, a British mathematician invited as the first mathematics professor to Johns Hopkins University, made it possible in a short time. Their concerted efforts led to building the Department of Mathematics as a professional research institute for research, higher education, and expert training as well as to publishing American Journal of Mathematics.

References

  1. Joseph BEN-DAVID, The Scientist's Role in Society: A Comparative Study, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1971.
  2. Bernard BERELSON, Graduate Education in the United States, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1960.
  3. Peter DUREN ed. with the assistance of Richard A. Askey and Uta C. Merzbach, A Century of Mathematics in America, Part II, American Mathematical Society, 1989.
  4. Hugh Davis GRAHAM and Nancy DIAMOND, The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
  5. Owen HANNAWAY, The German Model of Chemical Education in America: Ira Remsen at Johns Hopkins (1876-1913), Ambix 23 (1976), 145-164. https://doi.org/10.1179/amb.1976.23.3.145
  6. Hugh HAWKINS, Pioneer: A History of the Johns Hopkins University, 1874-1889, Cornell University Press, 1960.
  7. Daniel J. KEVLES, The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America, Harvard University Press, 1995.
  8. Robert E. KOHLER, The Ph.D. Machine: Building on Collegiate Base, Isis 81 (1990), 638-662. https://doi.org/10.1086/355543
  9. Sally Gregory KOHLSTEDT, Institutional History, Osiris 1 (1985), 17-36. https://doi.org/10.1086/368636
  10. Larry OWENS, Pure and Sound Government: Laboratories, Playing Field, and Gymnasia in the Nineteenth-Century Search for Order, Isis 76 (1985), 182-194. https://doi.org/10.1086/353799
  11. Karen Hunger PARSHALL and David E. ROWE, The Emergence of the American Mathematical Research Community, 1876-1900: J. J. Sylvester, Felix Klein, and E. H. Moore, American Mathematical Society, 1994.
  12. Karen Hunger PARSHALL and Eugene SENETA, Building an International Reputation: The Case of J. J. Sylvester (1814-1897), American Mathematical Monthly 104 (1997), 210-222. https://doi.org/10.2307/2974786
  13. Frederick RUDOLPH, The American College and University: A History, Vintage Books, 1962.
  14. Laurence R. VERSEY, The Emergence of the American University, The University of Chicago Press, 1965.