The Stress, Self-Efficacy, And Self-Control of University Students Impact on Smartphone Addiction

대학생의 스트레스, 자기효능감, 자기통제력이 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2019.09.23
  • Accepted : 2019.11.20
  • Published : 2019.11.28


This study attempted to verify the structural model of the effects of stress, self-efficacy, and self-control on smartphone addiction in University students. The subjects of this study were 440 University students in G and P city. Results, First the most influential variables on smartphone addiction were self-control, followed by stress, and two variables explained explanation about smartphone addiction in 34%. Second, self-efficacy had a positive effect on self-control and stress had a negative effect. Both variables had an indirect effect on smartphone addiction through self-control. In groups less than 4 hours and above, there was a partial regulation effect because of differences between groups in the smartphone addiction pathway coefficients of stress and self-efficacy. Therefore, in order to reduce smartphone addiction, it is important to find ways to reduce stress and increase self-control and self-efficacy, and necessary to develop various programs and tailor educational interventions for each individual situation.

본 연구는 대학생의 스트레스, 자기효능감, 자기통제력이 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향에 대한 구조모형을 검증하고자 시도되었다. 연구대상은 G시와 P시에 재학중인 대학생 440명으로 자가설문지를 이용하여 자료를 수집하였다. 연구결과 첫째, 스마트폰 중독에 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 변수는 자기통제력으로 나타났고 그 다음 스트레스 순이었으며, 두 변인의 스마트폰 중독에 대한 설명력은 34% 였다. 둘째, 자기통제력에 자기효능감은 정적 영향을 미쳤고 스트레스는 부적 영향을 미쳤으며, 두 변인 모두 자기통제력을 통한 스마트폰 중독에 간접효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 스마트폰 4시간미만 사용집단과 4시간이상 사용집단 간의 조절효과에서 스트레스와 스마트폰 중독의 경로계수와 자기효능감과 스마트폰 중독의 경로계수에서 집단간 차이가 있어 부분조절효과가 있었다. 따라서 스마트폰 중독을 감소시키기 위해서는 스트레스를 줄이고 자기통제력과 자기효능감을 높일 수 있는 방안모색이 중요하며, 특히 개인별 상황에 맞는 다양한 프로그램 개발 및 맞춤식 교육중재방안이 필요할 것으로 사료된다.



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