Collaboration and Confucian Reflexivity in Local Energy Governance: The Case of Seoul's One Less Nuclear Power Plant Initiatives

  • Lee, Youhyun (East Asia Co-existence & Collaboration Research Centre, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Bae, Suho (Graduate School of Governance, Sungkyunkwan University)
  • 발행 : 2019.07.22


South Korea's energy policy has been historically established through an energy production structure that relies on thermal and nuclear power generation in relation to a centralized 'Hard Energy System'. However, climate change issues are forcing the transition to renewable energy, and it is crucial for local governments to enable this. This study analyses Seoul city's local energy governance, which is known as One Less Nuclear Power Plant Initiative, by applying the collaborative governance framework inspired by Ansell and Gash (2008) and the Reflexivity framework of Confucianism. It is considered that the local energy governance model of Seoul city can be used as a model by other local governments, and it will eventually lead to a decentralized energy system in this era of energy transition.



  1. Agranoff, R. and M. McGuire (2004). Collaborative public management: New strategies for local governments, Georgetown University Press.
  2. Ansell, C. (2012). Collaborative governance. The Oxford handbook of governance.
  3. Ansell, C. and A. Gash (2008). "Collaborative governance in theory and practice." Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 18(4): 543-571.
  4. Ansell, C. and A. Gash (2017). "Collaborative Platforms as a Governance Strategy." Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 28(1): 16-32.
  5. Bae, S. (2013). "Ecological consciousness and practices from the perspective of Confucian self-discipline: Focusing on implications for public administration and policy. Korean Public Administration Review 47(3): 1-22.
  6. Bae, S., D. Kong and M.-G. Jung (2016). "Implications and suggestions for governance in Korea from the perspective of Confucianism." Korean Public Administration Review 50(2): 271-299.
  7. Bevir, M. (2008). Key concepts in governance, Sage.
  8. de Leeuw, L. and M. Groenleer (2018). "The regional governance of energy-neutral housing: Toward a framework for analysis." Sustainability 10(10): 3726.
  9. Dudley, B. (2015). "BP statistical review of world energy 2016." London.
  10. Fabra, N., F. Matthes, D. Newbery, M. Colombier, M. Mathieu and A. Rudinger (2015). "The energy transition in Europe: Initial lessons from Germany, the UK and France. Towards a low carbon European power sector." Cerre-Centre on Regulation in Europe.
  11. Fischer-Kowalski, M. and H. Haberl (2007). Socioecological transitions and global change: Trajectories of social metabolism and land use, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  12. Frederickson, H. G. (1997). The spirit of public administration, Jossey-Bass Incorporated Pub.
  13. Ganley, J., J. Zhang and B.-M. Hodge (2016). Wind energy. Alternative energy sources and technologies, Springer: 159-180.
  14. Gawel, E., P. Lehmann, K. Korte, S. Strunz, J. Bovet, W. Kock, P. Massier, A. Loschel, D. Schober and D. Ohlhorst (2014). "The future of the energy transition in Germany." Energy, Sustainability and Society 4(1): 15.
  15. Gunningham, N. (2013). "Managing the energy trilemma: The case of Indonesia." Energy Policy 54: 184-193.
  16. Haberl, H., M. Fischer-­‐Kowalski, F. Krausmann, J. Martinez-­‐Alier and V. Winiwarter (2011). "A socio-­‐metabolic transition towards sustainability? Challenges for another Great Transformation." Sustainable development 19(1): 1-14.
  17. Hoffman, S., S. Fudge, L. Pawlisch, A. High-Pippert, M. Peters and J. Haskard (2013). "Public values and community energy: Lessons from the US and UK." Sustainability 5(4): 1747-1763.
  18. Holley, C. and E. Lecavalier (2017). "Energy governance, energy security and environmental sustainability: A case study from Hong Kong." Energy Policy 108: 379-389.
  19. Hwang, K.-K. (2001). "The deep structure of Confucianism: A social psychological approach." Asian Philosophy 11(3): 179-204.
  20. Jasanoff, S. and S.-H. Kim (2013). "Sociotechnical imaginaries and national energy policies." Science as Culture 22(2): 189-196.
  21. Kim, H. (2017). "A community energy transition model for urban areas: The energy self-reliant village program in Seoul, South Korea." Sustainability 9(7): 1260.
  22. Kim, S. (2018). "Public service motivation, organizational social capital, and knowledge sharing in the Korean public sector." Public Performance & Management Review 41(1): 130-151.
  23. Kooiman, J., M. Bavinck, R. Chuenpagdee, R. Mahon and R. Pullin (2008). "Interactive governance and governability: An introduction." Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies 7(1): 1-11.
  24. Kwon, M., H. S. Jang and R. C. Feiock (2014). "Climate protection and energy sustainability policy in California cities: What have we learned?" Journal of Urban Affairs 36(5): 905-924.
  25. Kyriakopoulos, G. L. and G. Arabatzis (2016). "Electrical energy storage systems in electricity generation: Energy policies, innovative technologies, and regulatory regimes." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 56: 1044-1067.
  26. Laes, E., L. Gorissen and F. Nevens (2014). "A comparison of energy transition governance in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom." Sustainability 6(3): 1129-1152.
  27. Landeta-Manzano, B., G. Arana-Landín, P. M. Calvo and I. Heras-Saizarbitoria (2018). "Wind energy and local communities: A manufacturer's efforts to gain acceptance." Energy Policy 121: 314-324.
  28. Lee, H.-J., S.-Y. Huh and S.-H. Yoo (2018). "Social preferences for small-scale solar photovoltaic power plants in South Korea: A choice experiment study." Sustainability 10(10): 3589.
  29. Lee, T., T. Lee and Y. Lee (2014). "An experiment for urban energy autonomy in Seoul: the one 'less' nuclear power plant policy." Energy Policy 74: 311-318.
  30. Lee, Y. (2018). "A study of policy evaluation in local climate change policy - Case of Incheon Metropolitan City." Korean Journal of Local Government Studies 22(1): 145-171.
  31. Lee, Y. and I. Seo (2019). "Sustainability of a policy instrument: Rethinking the renewable portfolio standard in South Korea." Sustainability 11(11): 3082.
  32. Lim, E. (2019). "South Korea's nuclear dilemmas." Journal for Peace and Nuclear Disarmament: 1-22.
  33. Lim, J. H. and S. Y. Tang (2002). "Democratization and environmental policy-making in Korea." Governance 15(4): 561-582.
  34. Loader, I. (2000). "Plural policing and democratic governance." Social & Legal Studies 9(3): 323-345.
  35. Lovins, A. B. (1977). "Soft energy paths: Toward a durable peace."
  36. Low, K. C. P. (2008). "Confucian ethics & social responsibility-The golden rule & responsibility to the stakeholders." Ethics & Critical Thinking Journal(4): 46-54.
  37. Min, J. H., W. Jang, S. H. Han, D. Kim and Y. H. Kwak (2018). "How conflict occurs and what causes conflict: Conflict analysis framework for public infrastructure projects." Journal of Management in Engineering 34(4): 04018019.
  38. Moore, B. and J. Rhodes (1973). "Evaluating the effects of British regional economic policy." Economic Journal 83(329): 87-110.
  39. Ostrom, E. (2005). Doing institutional analysis digging deeper than markets and hierarchies. Handbook of new institutional economics. C. Menard and M. M. Shirley. Boston, MA, Springer US: 819-848.
  40. Park, S. M. and M. Y. Kim (2015). "Accountability and public service motivation in Korean government agencies." Public Money & Management 35(5): 357-364.
  41. Rhodes, R. A. W. (1996). "The new governance: governing without government." Political Studies 44(4): 652-667.
  42. Rutherford, J. and O. Coutard (2014). Urban energy transitions: places, processes and politics of socio-technical change, Sage UK: London.
  43. Scott, T. A. and C. W. Thomas (2017). "Unpacking the collaborative toolbox: Why and when do public managers choose collaborative governance strategies?" Policy Studies Journal 45(1): 191-214.
  44. Sonnenschein, J. and L. Mundaca (2016). "Decarbonization under green growth strategies? The case of South Korea." Journal of Cleaner Production 123: 180-193.
  45. Tian, X. (2017). "Accountability without democracy: evidence from Confucian accountability." Australian Journal of Political Science 52(1): 126-142.
  46. Tseng, W.-S. (1973). "The concept of personality in Confucian thought." Psychiatry 36(2): 191-202.
  47. Tu, W. (1996). "Beyond the enlightenment mentality: A Confucian perspective on ethics, migration, and global stewardship." International Migration Review 30(1): 58-75.
  48. Van Der Schoor, T. and B. Scholtens (2015). "Power to the people: Local community initiatives and the transition to sustainable energy." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 43: 666-675.
  49. Verweij, S. et al. (2013). "What makes governance networks work? A fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis of 14 Dutch spatial planning projects." Public Administration 91(4): 1035-1055.
  50. Woo, J., H. Moon, J. Lee and J. Jang (2017). "Public attitudes toward the construction of new power plants in South Korea." Energy & Environment 28(4): 499-517.
  51. Yoon, E. (2006). "South Korean environmental foreign policy." Asia-Pacific Review 13(2): 74-96.
  52. Yoon, J.-H. and K.-H. Sim (2015). "Why is South Korea's renewable energy policy failing? A qualitative evaluation." Energy Policy 86: 369-379.
  53. Yun, E. G. (2006). "Administrative system and culture in East Asia, Europe and the USA: A transformation of the administrative system through the mutual mixture of cultures in Korea." International Review of Administrative Sciences 72(4): 493-516.

피인용 문헌

  1. Which Institutional Conditions Lead to a Successful Local Energy Transition? Applying Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis to Solar PV Cases in South Korea vol.13, pp.14, 2019,