The Relationship of Participant Motivation, Physical Self-concept, University Life Satisfaction of the Leisure Sport on the University Students

대학생 여가스포츠의 참여동기, 신체적자기개념, 대학생활만족과의 관계

  • Lee, Gun-Chur (Department of Physical Education, Wonkwang University)
  • 이건철 (원광대학교 체육교육과)
  • Received : 2019.08.02
  • Accepted : 2019.12.06
  • Published : 2019.12.31


The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between students' motivation for participating in leisure sports, students' physical self-concept and the life satisfaction of university students. A total of 419 students were finally analyzed using the convenience sampling method of non-random sampling method after selecting those university students participating in leisure sports at a university located in J district. The results of analysis using SPSS version 21.0 program are as follows. First, there is a positive (+) correlation between the motives of participation of university students and their physical self-concept and satisfaction with university life. Second, the influence of the motive to participate in sports has a positive (+) effect on sports competence and this is affected by health fitness and social interaction, physical activity is affected by pleasure, health fitness, and conditioning, self-esteem, muscular strength is affected by pleasure, health fitness, condition, and society, flexibility is affected by pleasure, health fitness, and society. Third, the influence of participation motive had a positive (+) effect on school satisfaction is affected by pleasure, health fitness, physical condition, external display, socialization, and fellow satisfaction is effected by pleasure and condition.

이 연구는 대학생들의 여가스포츠 참여동기와 신체적 자아개념 및 대학생활만족의 관계를 분석하여 대학생들에게 여가시간을 통하여 스포츠참여에 대한 기회의 확대와 활성화를 위한 기초자료를 제공하는 목적이 있다. 연구 대상은 J지역에 소재한 대학교의 여가스포츠에 참여하고 있는 대학생들을 모집단으로 선정한 후 비확률 표본추출법 중 편의표본 추출법을 이용하여 총 419명을 최종분석 하였다. SPSS version 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 대학생의 참여동기와 신체적 자아개념 및 대학생활만족에 대한 상호관련성의 결과는 정적(+)인 상관관계를 나타나고 있다. 둘째, 참여동기가 신체적 자기개념에 미치는 영향에서 스포츠유능감은 건강체력, 사교에서 미치는 영향, 신체활동은 즐거움, 건강체력, 컨디션에서 미치는 영향, 자기존중감, 근력은 즐거움, 건강체력, 컨디션, 사교에서 미치는 영향, 유연성은 즐거움, 건강체력, 사교에서 정적(+)인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 참여동기가 대학생활만족에 미치는 영향에서 학교만족은 즐거움, 건강체력, 컨디션, 외적과시, 사교에서 미치는 영향, 교우만족은 즐거움, 컨디션에서 정적(+)인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.



Supported by : 원광대학교

본 논문은 2019년 원광대학교 교비지원에 의해서 수행되었음.


  1. H. S. Yu, I. S. Hwang, M. K. Park, "The causal relationship between women university students' motivation of participation, attitude and loyalty in intramural sports". Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol.41, pp.231-242, 2010.
  2. Y. Netz, M. J. Wu, B. J. Becker, & G. Tenenbaum, "Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: A meta-analysis of intervention studies". Psychol Aging(Full name tnwjddy), Vol.20, No.2, pp.272-284, 2005. DOI:
  3. C. Ridick, & S. Daniel, "The relative contribution of leisure activities and other factors to the mental health of older woman". Journal of Leisure Research, Vol.16, No.2, pp.136-148, 1984. DOI:
  4. G. Godin, & R. J. Shephard, "Importance of type of attitude to the study of exercise behavior". Psychological Reports, Vol.58, pp.991-1000, 1986. DOI:
  5. Y. L. Choi, E. J. Sa, H. W. Kang, "The Relationship among Basic Psychological Needs, Commotment and Exercise Adherence of Participants in Collgiate Physical Activity Classes". Korean Journal of Sports Science, Vol.25, No.5, pp.319-330, 2016.
  6. S. J .H. Biddle, K. R. Fox, & S. H. Boucher, "Physical activity and Psychological well-being". London: Routledge, 2000.
  7. D. Gould, & L. Petlichiff, "Participation motivation and attrition in young athletes". In F. L. Smoll, R. A., MaGill, & M. J. Ash(Eds.), Children in sports (3rd ed.), Champaign, IL: HumanKinetics, pp.161-178, 1988.
  8. R. J. Sonstreom, "The physical self-system: A mediator of exercise and self-esteem". In K.R. Fox(Ed.), The Physical self: From motivation to well-being, pp.3-26. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1997.
  9. R. K. Dishman, & L. R. Gettman, "Psychobiologic Influence on Exercise adherence". Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol.2, pp.295-310, 1981. DOI:
  10. R. K. Dishman, "The influence of reponse distortion in assessing self preception of physical activity and attitude toward physical activity". Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol.51, pp.286-298, 1980. DOI:
  11. J. W. Hong, S. K. Park, T. J. Chon, "The Effects of Among College Students' Leisure Participation Motivation and Physical Self-Concept". Korean Journal Leisure, Recreation & Park, Vol.33, No.1, pp.53-62, 2009.
  12. I. A. Yoon, Y. J. Yoon, "The Effect of Processes of Exercise Behavior Change on Physical Self-concept and Self-efficacy in College Students". Korean Journal of Sports Science, Vol.20, No.4, pp.409-422, 2011.
  13. R. M. Ryan, & E. L. Deci, "Self-determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development and Well-being". American Psychologist, Vol.55, No.1, pp.68-78, 2000. DOI: Source: PubMed
  14. G. S. Han, "The Relationship between Self-Efficacy and College Life Satisfaction: Moderating Effect of Leisure Sport Participation Level". Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol.16, No.4, pp.2478-2485, 2015.
  15. Y. M. Kim, H. W. Han, "Influence of Club Leisure Activity on Peer Relationship, Organizational Identification and Life Satisfaction of University Students". Korean Journal Leisure, Recreation & Park, Vol.34, No.2, pp.35-46, 2010.
  16. R. J. Vallerand, L. G. Pelletier, N. M. Blais, C. Senecal, & E. F. Vallieres, "The academic motivation scale: A measure of intrinsic extrinsic and motivation in education". Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol.52, pp.1003-1017, 1992. DOI:
  17. E. Wessinger, & D. L. Bandalos, "Development reliability and validity of a scale to measure intrinsic motivation in leisure". Journal of Leisure Research, Vol.27, No.4, pp.379-400, 1995. DOI:
  18. Y. G. Jung, The onfluence of sport participation motivation, arousal seeking and affects on the behavior of sport commitment. Ph. D dissertation, Pusan National University of Physical Education Graduate, Pusan, Korea, 1997.
  19. H. W. Marsh, G. Richards, S. Johnson, L. Roche, & P. Tremayne, "Physical self-description questionnaire: psychometric properties and a multi-trait multi-method analysis of relation to existing instruments". Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, Vol.16, pp.270-305, 1994. DOI:
  20. B. J. Kim, "Development and Validation of the Korean Version of the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire(PSDQ)". Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol.12, No.2, pp.69-90, 2001.
  21. K. R. Fox, & C. B. Corbin, "The physical self perception profile: Development and preliminary validation". Journal of sport & Exercise Psychology, Vol.11, pp.408-430, 1989. DOI:
  22. H. S. Kim, Y. S. Park, "Differences in Campus Life Satisfaction and Self-Achievement based on Sport Club Participation among College Students". Korean Journal Leisure, Recreation & Park, Vol.34, No.3, pp.43-54, 2010.
  23. C. K. Lee, An Effects of Enjoyment Factor of Sports Club Activity in University on Sports Commitment and University Life Satisfaction. Master's thesis, Kyung Hee University of Physical Education Graduate, Seoul, Korea, 2014.
  24. H. S. Moon, Relation of Sports Participation to Physical Self-concept, Stress and Mental Health by University Students. Ph. D dissertation, Gyeongsang National University of Physical Education Graduate, Gyeongnam, Korea, 2007.
  25. H. J. Kim, There lationship between college life satisfaction and participation in different sports activities of selected university student. Master's thesis, Woosong University of Health and Fitness Management Graduate, Daejeon, Korea, 2010.
  26. Y. J. Lee, The Relationship with Physical Self-concept on the Self-esteem, Psychological well-being and Life satisfaction. Master's thesis, Chonnam National University of Physical Graduate, Kwangju, Korea, 2002.
  27. S. H. Jung, Football club experience and commitment of the participants are motivated to participate Effect of physical self-concept. Master's thesis, Kyonggi University of Physical Education Graduate, Kyonggi, Korea, 2010.
  28. I. U. Choi, A Study on Sports Participation Motivation and Physical Self-Conception of University Students. Master's thesis, Mokpo National University of Physical Education of Graduate, Mokpo, Korea, 2009.
  29. N. Y. Kim, A study on relationships among stress, social support, and life satisfaction of University Students. Master's thesis, Konkuk University of Social Welfare Graduate, Seoul, Korea, 2011.
  30. E. H. Mark, & C. M. Roger, "Enduring involvement, situational involvement, and flow in leisure and non-leisure activities". Journal of Leisure Research, Vol.37, pp.152-177, 2005.
  31. J. Y. Lee, A Study on the Satisfaction Level of Students with College Life. Master's thesis, Kwandong University of Counseling Psychology Graduate, Gangneung, Korea, 2009
  32. Y. S. Kim, M. S. Lee, J. H. Nam, "An Effect of the Participation in Leisure Sport Activity of College Students on the College Adjustment". Forum for Youth Culture, Vol.31, pp.7-28, 2012.
  33. G. A. Park, M. H. Cho, "Analysis of the relationship among social support, sport participation and school Life satisfaction". Korean Journal Leisure, Recreation & Park, Vol.35, No.1, pp.17-28, 2011.