The Effects of a Company's Response Type Strategy due to New Product Failure on Consumers' Negative WOMs : The Moderating Roles of both Cause-related Marketing Activity and Message Strategy

신제품 실패에 따른 기업의 대응유형전략이 소비자의 부정적 구전에 미치는 영향: 공익연계 마케팅 활동여부와 메시지전략의 조절역할

  • Received : 2018.04.06
  • Accepted : 2018.04.22
  • Published : 2018.04.30


The Purpose of This Study is to Investigate Consumers' Negative WOMs due to the Crisis Response Strategy that Companies Perform in Crisis Situations due to the Failure of New Products. To do This, the Crisis Scenarios and Response Strategies were Manipulated Using a Virtual Laptop Company, and then an Experiment was Performed. The Results of This Experimental Design are as Follows. First, According to The Response Type Strategies, It is Found that Apologizing rather than Denying for the Crisis Response Mitigates the Negative WOMs more. Second, It is Found that the Companies that have Engaged in Cause-Related Marketing Activities before the Crisis Caused by New Product Failure Mitigate Consumers' Negative WOMs more than those which have not. Third, It is Shown that the Message Strategy of the Firm does not Affect Consumers' Negative WOMs. Fourth, the Interaction between the Response Type Strategy and the Cause-Related Marketing Activities are Found to Exist, but the Interaction Between The Response Type Strategy and the Message Strategy does not Appear.

본 연구의 목적은 기업이 신제품의 실패로 인한 위기상황에서 실시하는 위기대응 전략에 대한 소비자의 부정적 구전에 대하여 알아보고자 한다. 이를 위해 가상의 기업을 사용하여 위기 시나리오 및 대응전략을 조작한 다음 실험을 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 대응유형 전략에 따르면, 위기 대응전략은 부정보다 사과를 실시하는 것이 부정적 구전을 더 완화시키는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 신제품 실패로 인한 위기 이전에 공익연계마케팅 활동을 실시한 회사는 소비자의 부정적 구전 완화에 더욱 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 기업이 실시하는 메시지 전략은 소비자의 부정적 구전에 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 위기대응전략과 공익연계 마케팅의 상호작용 효과는 유의하게 나타났지만 위기대응 전략과 메시지 전략 간의 상호작용효과는 유의하지 않은 것으로 나타났다.



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