Anti-proliferating Effects and Gene Expression Profiles through Antioxidant Activity of Porphyra yezoensis Fractions on Human HepG2 Cell Lines

인간 간암세포주 HepG2에서 김 분획물의 항산화 활성을 통한 증식 억제 및 유전자 발현 양상

  • Oh, Youn Jeong (Departmentof Biological Science and the Research Institute for Basic Sciences, Hoseo University) ;
  • Kim, Jung Min (Genoplan, Inc. & NAR Center, Inc.) ;
  • Bang, In Seok (Departmentof Biological Science and the Research Institute for Basic Sciences, Hoseo University)
  • 오윤정 (호서대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 김정민 (제노플랜코리아(주) 유전체분석팀) ;
  • 방인석 (호서대학교 생명과학과)
  • Received : 2017.11.13
  • Accepted : 2017.12.19
  • Published : 2018.02.28


In this study, the total polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities and anti-proliferation effects of HepG2 cell lines in organic slovent fractions obtained from the main methanolic extract of P. yezoensis were analyzed. The polyphenol content of the $CHCl_3$ fraction was $10.3{\mu}g/mg$, slightly less than $13.08{\mu}g/mg$ of the water fraction, but $ED_{50}$ estimated by measuring DPPH free radical scavenging activity exhibited the highest $16.96{\mu}g/ml$ in the $CHCl_3$ fraction. The proliferation effects of $CHCl_3$ and EtOAc fraction toward HepG2 cells inhibited in a dose-dependent manner, showed 90% inhibition when treated for 24 hr at $900{\mu}g/ml$ of $CHCl_3$ fraction. Meanwhile gene expression patterns in HepG2 cells treated $50{\mu}g/ml$ of $CHCl_3$ fraction were identified with microarray analysis. Concerning the efficacy of P. yezoensis, gene ontology analysis explored the genes associated with response to molecule of bacterial origin, vitamin D metabolic process, and response to nutrient. Thus IL6R, CYP1A1 were selected as significant genes based on expression patterns of HepG2 cells, and pathway analysis indicates that ARNT might be considered as a upstream regulator. Also, expression analysis of IL6R and CYP1A1, activity of upstream regulator ARNT in HepG2 cells was confirmed based on Western blotting analysis at the protein level after being treated with 50 and $100{\mu}g/ml$ of $CHCl_3$ fraction.

김(Porphyra yezoensis, Laver)의 MeOH 추출에 의한 유기용매 별 분획물에서 폴리페놀 함량과 항산화 활성 및 간암세포주 HepG2의 세포증식 억제효과를 확인하였다. $CHCl_3$ 분획물의 폴리페놀 함량은 $10.34{\mu}g/mg$으로 물 분획물의 $13.08{\mu}g/mg$ 보다는 다소 적게 나타났으나, DPPH 자유라디칼 소거에 의한 전자공여능(EDA)에서 나타난 $ED_{50}$$16.96{\mu}g/ml$로 가장 높게 나타났다. $CHCl_3$과 EtOAc 분획물은 농도의존적으로 HepG2 세포의 증식을 억제하였으며, 특히 $900{\mu}g/ml$$CHCl_3$ 분획물을 24시간 동안 처리하여 90%의 세포증식이 억제되었다. 한편 $CHCl_3$ 분획물이 처리된 HepG2 세포의 유전자 발현 양상을 microarray로 확인하였다. P. yezoensis의 효능과 연관지은 gene ontology 분석으로 비타민 D 합성 과정, 항균작용에 대한 반응 및 영양물질에 대한 반응에 관련된 유의 유전자들을 탐색하였다. 유의 유전자로 IL6R와 CYP1A1를 선정하였고, 이들 유전자의 상위 조절자는 ARNT 유전자가 선정되었다. 또한 50 및 $100{\mu}g/ml$$CHCl_3$ 분획물이 처리된 HepG2 세포에서 IL6R와 CYP1A1 단백질의 발현과 상위 조절자인 ARNT의 활성을 Western blotting으로 확인하였다.



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