The roles of growth mindset and grit in relation to hope and self-directed learning

희망과 자기주도학습과의 관계에서 성장 마인드셋과 그릿의 역할

  • 이창식 (한서대학교 아동청소년복지학과) ;
  • 장하영 (한서대학교 평생교육학과)
  • Received : 2017.11.13
  • Accepted : 2018.01.20
  • Published : 2018.01.28


Recently, according to the arrival of the knowledge-based society, the self-directed learning is necessary for the workers. Especially, the person with strong hopes showed strong self-directed learning, and the psychological characteristics and beliefs such as growth mindset and Grit would play a mediating role. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of growth mindset and grit in relation to hope and self-directed learning. The subjects of this study were selected from than 32 workplace in cities of Seoul, Daejeon, Chungbuk, Chungnam, and consisted of 368 workers selected by purposive sampling. And data analysis was performed by frequency analysis, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling. The major results were as follow. First, there were positively significant correlations among hope, growth mindset, grit, self-directed learning. Second, as a result of SEM, hope showed direct impact on self-directed learning. Third, hope had indirect effect through growth mindset and grit. Lastly, the limitations of this study and policy implications to increase self-directed learning of workers through hope, growth mindset and grit.

최근 지식 기반사회의 도래에 따라 직장인들에게도 끊임없는 자기 학습이 필요하다. 특히 희망이 강한 사람은 자기주도학습이 강한 것으로 나타났는데 그 사이에서 심리적인 특성이나 신념인 성장 마인드셋과 Grit이 매개역할을 할 것으로 판단된다. 이에 본 연구는 직장인들의 희망과 자기주도학습 사이에서 성장 마인드셋과 그릿의 매개효과를 파악하는데 연구의 목적을 두었다. 연구대상은 서울, 대전, 충남, 충북 지역에 위치하는 총 32개의 직장에서 선정하였고 총 368명이었다. 자료 분석은 빈도분석, 상관분석 및 구조방정식 모형 분석을 실시하여 수행하였고 주된 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 상관분석 결과 희망과 성장 마인드셋, 그릿, 자기주도학습의 모든 하위 요인에서 유의한 정적인 상관관계가 있었다. 둘째, 경로분석 결과 희망은 자기주도학습에 직접적인 영향을 미치고 있었다. 셋째, 희망은 성장 마인드셋과 그릿을 매개로 하여 간접적인 영향을 미치고 있었다. 끝으로 본 연구의 제한과 직장인들의 자기주도학습을 높이기 위하여 희망, 성장 마인드셋, Grit을 촉진시키기 위한 정책적 함의를 하였다.



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