Randomized controlled trial to compare oral analgesic requirements and patient satisfaction in using oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs versus benzydamine hydrochloride oral rinses after mandibular third molar extraction: a pilot study

  • Goswami, Devalina (Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, Indial Institute of Medical sciences) ;
  • Jain, Gaurav (Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, Indial Institute of Medical sciences) ;
  • Mohod, Mangesh (Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, Indial Institute of Medical sciences) ;
  • Baidya, Dalim Kumar (Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, Indial Institute of Medical sciences) ;
  • Bhutia, Ongkila (Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, Indial Institute of Medical sciences) ;
  • Roychoudhury, Ajoy (Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, Indial Institute of Medical sciences)
  • Received : 2017.11.29
  • Accepted : 2018.01.11
  • Published : 2018.02.28


Background: Third molar extraction is associated with considerable pain and discomfort, which is mostly managed with oral analgesic medication. We assessed the analgesic effect of benzydamine hydrochloride, a topical analgesic oral rinse, for controlling postoperative pain following third molar extraction. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 40 patients divided into two groups, for extraction of fully erupted third molar. Groups A received benzydamine hydrochloride mouthwash and group B received normal saline gargle with oral ibuprofen and paracetamol. Oral ibuprofen and paracetamol was the rescue analgesic drug in group A. Patients were evaluated on the $3^{rd}$ and $7^{th}$ post-operative days (POD) for pain using the visual analogue score (VAS), trismus, total number of analgesics consumed, and satisfaction level of patients. Results: The VAS in groups A and B on POD3 and POD7 was $4.55{\pm}2.54$ and $3.95{\pm}1.8$, and $1.2{\pm}1.64$ and $0.95{\pm}1.14$, respectively and was statistically insignificant. The number of analgesics consumed in groups A and B on POD3 ($5.25{\pm}2.22$ and $6.05{\pm}2.43$) was not statistically different from that consumed on POD7 ($9.15{\pm}5.93$ and $10.65{\pm}6.46$). The p values for trismus on POD3 and POD7 were 0.609 and 0.490, respectively and those for patient satisfaction level on POD3 and POD7 were 0.283 and 0.217, respectively. Conclusions: Benzydamine hydrochloride oral rinses do not significantly reduce intake of oral analgesics and are inadequate for pain relief following mandibular third molar extraction.



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