Effect of Systems Thinking Based STEAM Education Program on Climate Change Topics

시스템 사고에 기반한 STEAM 교육 프로그램이 기후변화 학습에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2017.03.30
  • Accepted : 2017.05.26
  • Published : 2017.07.28


This research is designed to review the systems thinking and STEAM theory while ascertaining the effects of the classroom application of the STEAM programs based on systems thinking appropriate for studying climate change. The systems thinking based STEAM program has been developed by researchers and experts, who had participated in expert meetings in a continued manner. The program was applied to science classes over the course of eight weeks. Therefore, the application effects of the systems thinking based STEAM program were analyzed in students' systems thinking, STEAM semantics survey, and students' academic achievement. The findings are as follows. First, the test group has shown a statistically meaningful difference in the systems thinking analysis compared to the control group in the four subcategories of 'Systems Analysis', 'Personal Mastery', 'Shared Vision' and 'Team Learning' except for 'Mental Model'. Second, in the pre- and post-knowledge tests, the independent sample t-test results in the areas of science, technology, engineering, art and mathematics show statistically meaningful differences compared to the control group. Third, in the academic performance test regarding climate change, the test group displayed higher achievement than the control group. In conclusion, the system-based STEAM program is considered appropriate to enhance amalgamative thinking skills based on systems thinking. In addition, the program is expected to improve creative thinking and problem-solving abilities by offering new ideas based on climate change science.

이 연구에서는 시스템 사고와 STEAM의 이론을 고찰해 보고 이 이론을 근거로 기후변화 학습에 맞는 시스템 사고 기반의 STEAM 프로그램을 구안하여 학교 현장에서의 적용효과를 확인하고자 하였다. 연구자와 외부전문가들의 지속적인 전문가 과정을 통해 시스템 사고 기반 STEAM 프로그램을 개발하였으며, 중학생들을 대상으로 8주에 거쳐 시스템 사고 기반 STEAM 프로그램을 과학수업에 적용하였다. 따라서 현장 적용에 대한 효과성을 검증하기 위해 시스템 사고 검사와 STEAM 소양 검사를 실시하였으며, 최종 학업 성취도 검사를 실시하여 시스템 기반 STEAM 프로그램의 효과성을 확인하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 시스템 사고 분석에서는 시스템 사고의 하위 구인 중 '정신 모델'을 제외한 '시스템 분석', '개인숙련', '공유비전', '팀 학습'에서 실험집단이 비교집단에 비해 통계적으로 의미 있는 차이가 나타난 것으로 확인되었다. 둘째, STEAM 소양 검사에서는 '과학', '기술', '공학', '예술', '수학'의 사전 사후에 의한 두 집단 독립표본 t검정의 통계 결과, STEAM 소양의 하위구인들 전체에서 실험집단이 비교집단에 비해 통계적으로 의미 있는 차이가 나타난 것으로 확인되었다. 셋째, 기후변화에 관한 학업성취도 평가에서는 실험집단이 비교집단에 비해 학업성취도가 높은 것으로 확인되었다. 따라서 시스템 기반 STEAM 프로그램이 시스템 사고를 통한 융합적 사고력 배양에 적합하며, 기후변화 과학을 바탕으로 새로운 아이디어를 제시함으로써 창의적으로 문제를 해결하는 사고 능력을 신장할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.



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