An Empirical Study on the Effect of Maintaining Behavior of Native Culture on the Job Attitude

이주노동자의 모국문화유지행동이 직무태도에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.05.04
  • Accepted : 2017.06.19
  • Published : 2017.07.03


This Paper is the Thesis that Reports Empirical Results on the Effect of Maintaining Behavior of Native Culture on the Job Attitude of Immigrant Labor and the Mediating Effect of Psychological Well-being. In order to Accomplishment this Goal, an Empirical Study was Implemented. The Data for an Empirical Study was Obtained from the Survey on 205 Immigrant Labor from Vietnam in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do. And Multiple Regression Analysis was Conducted to Examine the Research Hypothesis. The Summary of Empirical Study's Results is Follows. 1) Among Maintaining Behavior of Native Culture, Native Culture-related Media Behavior, Meeting with Native Companions and Persistence of Native Religious Activity have the Positive Effect on the Job Attitude Significantly. 2) Eating Native Food have the Negative Effect on the Job Satisfaction Significantly. 3) There are Mediating Effects of Psychological Well-being on the Relationship Between the Maintaining Behavior of Native Culture and Job Attitudes. Maintaining Behavior of Native Culture has Significant Positive Effect on Job Involvement and Job Satisfaction Indirectly Via Mechanisms Such as the Spillover Effect of Psychological Well-being. That is, The more Immigrant Workers do Maintaining Behavior of Native Culture, the Higher Psychological Well-being is and it Improves Their Job Involvement and Job Satisfaction. The Implication of these Results, the Limitation of this Study and the Direction of Future Study were Suggested.

본 연구의 목적은 모국문화유지행동이 직무태도(직무몰입과 직무만족)에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고 나아가 이 영향에 대한 심리적 안녕의 매개효과가 있는지를 살펴보고자 하는 것이다. 이를 위해 선행연구결과들을 이론적으로 검토를 하고 실증연구로서 베트남 이주노동자를 대상으로 설문조사를 실시한 후 다중회귀분석을 통해 가설을 검증하였다. 실증연구결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 모국문화유지행동의 차원 중 '모국관련 미디어행동', '모국인 친구 어울림' 및 '모국종교활동 지속'이 많을수록 직무태도(직무몰입과 직무만족)가 높았다. 둘째, 모국문화 유지행동의 차원 중 '모국음식 섭취'는 직무몰입에는 영향을 미치지 않으나 직무만족에는 (-)영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 모국문화유지행동의 차원 중 '모국관련 미디어활동', '모국인친구 어울림' 그리고 '모국종교활동 지속'이 직무태도(직무몰입과 직무만족)에 미치는 영향에 대해 심리적 안녕은 부분매개하는 것으로 나타났다.연구결과를 토대로 연구결과의 시사점, 연구의 한계점 및 향후연구의 방향을 제시하였다.



Supported by : 부경대학교


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