Development on Early Warning System about Technology Leakage of Small and Medium Enterprises

중소기업 기술 유출에 대한 조기경보시스템 개발에 대한 연구

  • Seo, Bong-Goon (Graduate School of Business IT, Kookmin University) ;
  • Park, Do-Hyung (School of Management Information System, Kookmin University)
  • 서봉군 (국민대학교 BIT 전문대학원) ;
  • 박도형 (국민대학교 경영대학 경영정보학부)
  • Received : 2017.03.13
  • Accepted : 2017.03.20
  • Published : 2017.03.31


Due to the rapid development of IT in recent years, not only personal information but also the key technologies and information leakage that companies have are becoming important issues. For the enterprise, the core technology that the company possesses is a very important part for the survival of the enterprise and for the continuous competitive advantage. Recently, there have been many cases of technical infringement. Technology leaks not only cause tremendous financial losses such as falling stock prices for companies, but they also have a negative impact on corporate reputation and delays in corporate development. In the case of SMEs, where core technology is an important part of the enterprise, compared to large corporations, the preparation for technological leakage can be seen as an indispensable factor in the existence of the enterprise. As the necessity and importance of Information Security Management (ISM) is emerging, it is necessary to check and prepare for the threat of technology infringement early in the enterprise. Nevertheless, previous studies have shown that the majority of policy alternatives are represented by about 90%. As a research method, literature analysis accounted for 76% and empirical and statistical analysis accounted for a relatively low rate of 16%. For this reason, it is necessary to study the management model and prediction model to prevent leakage of technology to meet the characteristics of SMEs. In this study, before analyzing the empirical analysis, we divided the technical characteristics from the technology value perspective and the organizational factor from the technology control point based on many previous researches related to the factors affecting the technology leakage. A total of 12 related variables were selected for the two factors, and the analysis was performed with these variables. In this study, we use three - year data of "Small and Medium Enterprise Technical Statistics Survey" conducted by the Small and Medium Business Administration. Analysis data includes 30 industries based on KSIC-based 2-digit classification, and the number of companies affected by technology leakage is 415 over 3 years. Through this data, we conducted a randomized sampling in the same industry based on the KSIC in the same year, and compared with the companies (n = 415) and the unaffected firms (n = 415) 1:1 Corresponding samples were prepared and analyzed. In this research, we will conduct an empirical analysis to search for factors influencing technology leakage, and propose an early warning system through data mining. Specifically, in this study, based on the questionnaire survey of SMEs conducted by the Small and Medium Business Administration (SME), we classified the factors that affect the technology leakage of SMEs into two factors(Technology Characteristics, Organization Characteristics). And we propose a model that informs the possibility of technical infringement by using Support Vector Machine(SVM) which is one of the various techniques of data mining based on the proven factors through statistical analysis. Unlike previous studies, this study focused on the cases of various industries in many years, and it can be pointed out that the artificial intelligence model was developed through this study. In addition, since the factors are derived empirically according to the actual leakage of SME technology leakage, it will be possible to suggest to policy makers which companies should be managed from the viewpoint of technology protection. Finally, it is expected that the early warning model on the possibility of technology leakage proposed in this study will provide an opportunity to prevent technology Leakage from the viewpoint of enterprise and government in advance.

급속한 IT의 발전으로 인해 개인정보뿐만 아니라 기업이 보유하고 있는 핵심 기술 및 정보에 대한 유출 위협이 중요한 이슈로 인식되고 있다. 기업에게 있어서 보유하고 있는 핵심 기술은 기업의 생존 및 지속적으로 경쟁 우위를 차지하기 위해 매우 중요한 부분이다. 최근 기술 침해 사례가 많이 일어나고 있는데, 기술 유출은 기업에게 있어서 주가하락 등의 막대한 재무적인 손실을 가져올 뿐만 아니라, 기업의 신뢰에 손상을 입게 되고, 기업의 발전을 지연시키게 되는 악영향을 미치게 된다. 특히, 대기업에 비해 핵심기술이 기업 내 중요한 많은 부분을 차지하는 중소기업에 있어서 기술 유출에 대한 대비는 기업의 존립에 있어서 필수적인 요소로 볼 수 있다. 이처럼 정보 보안 관리의 필요성과 중요성이 대두되면서 기업 입장에서 조기에 기술 침해 위협에 대해 확인하고 대비할 필요가 있다. 본 연구에서는 기술 유출에 영향을 미치는 요인들을 탐색하는 실증 분석을 수행하고, 인공지능 알고리즘을 통해 기술유출 조기경보시스템을 개발하고자 한다. 구체적으로 본 연구에서는 중소기업이 보유한 기술 유출에 영향을 미치는 요인들을 로지스틱 회귀분석을 통해 확인해보고, 통계분석을 통해 검증된 요인들을 기반으로 인공지능 여러 기법들 중 하나인 Support Vector Machine을 활용하여 기술침해 가능성을 조기에 알려주는 모형을 개발하였다. 본 연구에서 제안하는 기술 유출 가능성에 대한 조기 경보 모형을 통해 기업 및 정부 관점에서 기술 유출을 미리 예방할 수 있는 기회를 제공할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.



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