The Current Status of Music Therapy Centered on 54 Hospice and Palliative Care Settings Designated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 2014

2014년 보건복지부 지정 54개 호스피스·완화의료 기관 내 음악치료 현황

  • Kim, Eun Jung (Hospice and Palliative Care Center, Korea University Guro Hospital) ;
  • Choi, Youn Seon (Department of Family Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Won-chul (Medical Social Services Team, Korea University Guro Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Kyung Suk (Graduate School, Hansei University)
  • 김은정 (고려대학교 구로 병원 호스피스.완화의료 센터) ;
  • 최윤선 (고려대학교 구로 병원 가정의학과) ;
  • 김원철 (고려대학교 구로 병원 의료사회사업팀) ;
  • 김경숙 (한세대학교 대학원 음악치료전공)
  • Received : 2016.01.30
  • Accepted : 2016.05.19
  • Published : 2016.05.30


This study provides numerical data on the status of music therapy practices in 54 hospice and palliative care settings in Korea. Two different questionnaires for music therapists and coordinators were sent to 54 coordinators via email, and 47 (87%) hospitals and centers replied by email or post. The survey period was October 30 through December 5, 2014. Music therapists were asked to respond to 65 questionnaire items regarding working conditions, environment, session process, and personal competence. Coordinators were asked to complete 28 questionnaire items regarding the status of music therapy in their perspective setting. Twenty-two (46.8%) hospitals and centers were running music therapy programs with 28 music therapists, and 19 (67.9%) of these music therapists majored in music therapy. There was a significant difference between music therapists (M= 3.43, SD = 0.96) and coordinators (M= 2.73, SD = 0.77) regarding conditions and environment of music therapy sessions (p < .05). The circumstances and conditions for music therapy are inad quate for optimal implementation of music therapy practice. However, the perceived benefits of music therapy by coordinators suggest that music therapists do play an important role in hospice and palliative care. This research provides the first quantitative baseline data of music therapy status in hospice and palliative care settings in Korea.

본 연구의 목적은 보건복지부에 의해 지정된 54개 호스피스 완화의료 기관에서 시행되고 있는 음악치료에 대한 수치 기반의 현황 자료를 제공하는 것이다. 54개 기관의 코디네이터에게 E-mail로 설문지를 발송하여 총 47개 기관(87%)의 음악치료사와 코디네이터로부터 E-mail과 우편으로 회신을 받았다. 조사기간은 2014년 10월 30일부터 12월 5일까지였으며, 음악치료사 대상 설문지는 근무조건/처우, 음악치료 환경, 진행 및 개인역량 등 총 65문항으로 구성하였다. 코디네이터 대상 설문지는 각 기관의 음악치료 시행 여부 및 코디네이터의 관점에서 바라 본 음악치료의 현황과 개인정보 등 총 28문항으로 구성하였다. 설문에 응답한 47개 기관 중 음악치료 시행 기관은 22개 기관(46.8%)이었으며, 음악치료사 28명 가운데, 음악치료를 전공한 음악치료사는 19명(67.9%)인 것으로 파악되었다. 세션 준비, 수행, 평가와 관련해 음악치료를 진행하기에 적합한 환경이 갖추어져 있는지를 묻는 문항에 대해 음악치료사(M = 3.43, SD = 0.96)와 코디네이터(M = 2.73, SD = 0.77)의 응답 간에 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다(p < .05). 국내 호스피스 완화의료에서의 음악치료는 현재 시행 기관이 많지 않고 환경이 열악하지만, 음악치료에 대한 인식 결과를 볼 때 향후 호스피스 완화의료에서 보다 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 예상된다. 본 연구의 결과는 한국 호스피스 완화의료 기관에서의 음악치료 현황에 대한 최초의 정량적, 통계적 기초자료로서 의의가 있다.



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