The Relationship between Adolescents' Stress Coping Behavior and Gambling Addiction: Mediating effect of irrational belief of gambling

청소년의 스트레스 대처 행동과 도박중독과의 관계에서 비합리적 도박신념의 매개효과

  • Received : 2016.03.30
  • Accepted : 2016.04.07
  • Published : 2016.04.30


This study examined the effects of adolescents' stress coping behavior on gambling addiction using the irrational belief of gambling as a mediating variable. For this, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 377 high school students in Jeju. Data processing analysis of the research was verified by Baron & Kenny's regression analysis in 4 phases and a Sobel Test was done to verify the significance level on the mediation effect. The study results can be summarized as follows. First, while problem-focused coping had a negative (-) correlation with gambling addiction, emotion-focused coping had a positive (+) correlation with gambling addiction. Second, the irrational belief of gambling had no mediating effects on the relationship between problem-focused coping and gambling addiction. Third, the irrational belief of gambling had a full mediating effect on the relationship between emotion-focused coping and gambling addiction. In conclusion, emotion-focused coping under stress situations would enhance the gambling behavior by increasing the irrational belief of gambling. Therefore, it is necessary to develop programs to improve the adolescents' stress coping skills and rationally correct their irrational belief of gambling, which will be helpful in preventing adolescents' gambling addiction. The limitations of this study are discussed together with suggestions for future research.

본 연구의 목적은 청소년의 스트레스 대처 행동(문제중심 대처, 정서중심 대처)이 비합리적 도박신념을 매개로 도박중독에 미치는 영향을 알아보는데 있었다. 이를 위해 제주지역 고등학생 377명을 대상으로 연구를 진행하였다. 연구가설을 검증하기 위하여 Baron & kenny의 회귀분석 4단계를 거쳐 매개효과를 검증하였고, Sobel Test를 실시하여 매개효과에 대한 유의도를 검증하였다. 연구결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 문제중심 대처는 도박중독과 부적 상관관계를 보인 반면 정서중심 대처는 정적 상관관계를 보였다. 둘째, 문제중심 대처와 도박중독과의 관계에서 비합리적 도박신념은 매개역할을 하지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 정서중심 대처와 도박중독과의 관계에서 비합리적 도박신념이 완전 매개하는 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로 정서중심 대처는 스트레스 상황에 놓였을 때 비합리적 도박신념을 높임으로써 도박행동을 강화시키는 것으로 분석되었다. 따라서 청소년들의 스트레스 대처기술을 향상시키고 비합리적 도박신념을 합리적으로 수정하는 프로그램 개발이 필요하며, 이것이 청소년의 도박중독을 예방할 수 있는 하나의 방안이 될 수 있음을 시사하고 있다. 마지막으로 이러한 결과에 대한 제한점 및 후속 연구의 방향을 제시하였다.



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