DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Deodorizing Performance and Antibacterial Properties of Fabric Treated with Pomegranate and Gallnut Extracts Compared with Properties of Commercial Deodorizing and Antibacterial Agents

석류 및 오배자 추출물과 시판 섬유 소취/항균제를 처리한 면, 견, 모직물의 소취/항균성의 비교

  • Lee, Young-Hee (Department of Organic Material Science and Engineering, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Seul-Gi (Department of Organic Material Science and Engineering, Pusan National University) ;
  • Hwang, Eun-Kyung (Korea Silk Research Institute) ;
  • Baek, Young-Mee (Korean Traditional Costume Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cho, Sunja (Department of Microbiology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Jung-Soo (Industrial Materials Fusion Technology Center, Korea Institute of Footwear and Leather Technology) ;
  • Kim, Han-Do (Department of Organic Material Science and Engineering, Pusan National University)
  • 이영희 (부산대학교 유기소재시스템공학과) ;
  • 이슬기 (부산대학교 유기소재시스템공학과) ;
  • 황은경 (한국실크연구원) ;
  • 백영미 (부산대학교 한국전통복식연구소) ;
  • 조순자 (부산대학교 미생물학과) ;
  • 김정수 (한국신발피혁연구원) ;
  • 김한도 (부산대학교 유기소재시스템공학과)
  • Received : 2016.01.20
  • Accepted : 2016.02.16
  • Published : 2016.02.29

Abstract

We compared the ability of pomegranate and gallnut extracts to protect fabrics against odors and bacteria with the deodorizing and antibacterial efficacy of two commercial deodorizing and antibacterial agents. Cotton, silk, or wool fabric was treated with pomegranate extract, gallnut extract, or one of two commercial deodorizing and antibacterial agents, F or D. The fabrics were tested for their ability to withstand the odor of ammonia, trimethylamine, acetaldehyde, or acetic acid, and their antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus. We analyzed the volatile components in pomegranate extract, gallnut extract, F, and D using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. We found more acidic volatile components in the pomegranate and gallnut extracts than in F and D. In contrast, there were more cyclo compounds in the volatile materials of F and D than in the pomegranate or gallnut extracts. The fabrics treated with pomegranate or gallnut extract showed a greater ability to withstand odors than those treated with F or D. However, the fabrics treated with F showed a greater ability to withstand acetic acid odors than did the fabric treated with pomegranate extract, gallnut extract, or D. The antibacterial properties of fabric treated with pomegranate extract, gallnut extract, and F was found to be excellent (bacteriostatic reduction rate=99.9%). These results suggest that pomegranate and gallnut extracts have strong potential to be used as multi-functional agents, with both showing excellent deodorizing and antibacterial properties.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

References

  1. Y. Washino, "Functional Fibers: Trends in Technology and Product Development in Japan", Toray Research Center Inc., Japan, 1993, pp.216-218.
  2. R. I. Ellin, R. L. Farrand, F. W. Oberst, C. L. Crouse, N. B. Billups, W. S. Koon, N. P. Musselman, and F. R. Sidell, "An Apparatus for Detection and Quantitation of Volatile Human Effluents", J. Chromatogr., 1974, 100, 137-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86048-3
  3. "Development Trend of Antibacterial Functional Materials", Korea Textile Development Institute, 2012.
  4. T. Nakashima, "Antibacterial and Deodorizing Textiles", J. Japan Res. Ass. Textile End-Uses, 1993, 6, 266-272.
  5. H. Hayakawa and N. Ishizaka "Textile Finishing of Antibacterial and Deodorization", Dyeing Industry (Japan), 1984, 32, 266-275.
  6. Y. H. Lee, E. K. Hwang, Y. M. Baek, M. S. Lee, D. J. Lee, Y. J. Jung, and H. D. Kim, "Deodorizing and Antibacterial Performance of Cotton, Silk and Wool Fabrics Dyed with Punica Granatum L. Extracts", Fiber. Polym., 2013, 14, 1445-1453. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-013-1445-0
  7. Y. H. Lee, E. K. Hwang, Y. M. Baek, and H. D. Kim, "Deodorizing Function and Antibacterial Activity of Fabrics Dyed with Gallnut(Galla Chinensis) Extract", Text. Res. J., 2015, 85, 1045-1054. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517514559580
  8. Y. Shigeta, "Deodorants and Their Evaluation Method", J. Text. Machinery Soc. Japan, 1987, 40, 104-112. https://doi.org/10.4188/transjtmsj.40.3_P104
  9. "Chemical Functional Definitions - Cyclodextrin", Procter & Gamble, 2005.
  10. http://shinko.ocnk.net/product/71
  11. Antibacterial Finishes on Textile Materials, American Association for Textile Chemists and Colorists Test Method 100-2004, AATCC, 149, 2005.
  12. https://www.pg.com/productsafety
  13. M. M. Cowan, "Plant Products as Antimicrobial Agents", Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 1999, 12, 564-582.
  14. T. L. Mason and B. P. Wasserman, "Inactivation of Red Beet Beta-glucan Synthase by Native and Oxidized Phenolic Compounds", Phytochemistry, 1987, 26, 2197-2202. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)84683-X
  15. B. B. Sylvie, T. Pierre, B. M. Martine, and J. G. Anne, "Emergency of Resistance to Antibacterial Agents: the Role of Quaternary Ammonium Compounds-a Critical Review", Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents, 2012, 39, 381-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2012.01.011