Song-Induced Autobiographical Memory of Patients With Early Alzheimer's Dementia

노래를 통한 초기 알츠하이머 치매환자의 자서전적 기억

  • Received : 2016.09.05
  • Accepted : 2016.11.23
  • Published : 2016.11.30


This study investigated the song-induced autobiographical memory of patients with early Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) by comparing the effects of patient-selected songs (M-AD) versus music therapist-selected songs (M-MT). A total of 19 patients with early AD participated in this study. In the M-AD and M-MT conditions, each participant listened to a song and was instructed to recall memory. The time to recall memory, the specificity of the memory, mood changes, and the type of recalled memory were measured. Perceived familiarity and preference of the used songs and association of the song with the recalled memory were also analyzed. The results of the study showed that the M-AD condition elicited more specific memory and positive mood change than the M-MT condition. In addition, AD patients reported a higher level of familiarity with and preference of songs in the M-AD condition, compared to the M-MT condition. These results indicate that patient-selected songs, which have a personal meaning to an individual, could be effectively used for intervening with memory of this population, which would support music therapists to make better decision with regard to song selection. Further studies would be needed to deepen the understanding of autobiographical memory in older population with cognitive impairment and to propose more effective music therapy strategies for intervening with memory.

본 연구의 목적은 초기 알츠하이머 치매환자를 대상으로 본인이 선곡한 노래 조건과 치료사가 선곡한 노래 조건에서 자서전적 기억 회상의 내용, 회상하는데 걸린 시간과 기분변화를 측정하여 자서전적 기억회상에 효과적인 노래조건을 알아보는 것이다. 실험 동안 각 피험자는 자신이 선곡한 친숙한 노래(M-AD)와 치료사가 선곡한 노래(M-MT) 조건에서 노래를 듣다가 자신이 직접 경험한 기억이 떠오르면 손을 들게 하였고, 노래가 끝나면 인출된 기억을 이야기하도록 하였다. 피험자가 이야기한 내용은 녹음 전사하였고, 기억의 주체성과 내용, 회상 시간과 기분 변화 등과 관련하여 분석하였다. 본 연구 결과 M-AD 조건이 M-MT 조건에서 제공된 노래에 대한 친숙도와 선호도가 높았으며, 회상한 기억과 노래의 밀접함의 정도가 높았다. 또한 구체적으로 기억을 회상할 수 있었으며, 회상하는 데 걸린 시간도 짧았다. 또한 실험 전후의 기분변화 폭이 컸으며, 회상한 기억과 기분의 관련성에도 영향을 미쳤다. 본 연구는 초기 알츠하이머 환자 본인이 선곡한 노래가 자서전적 기억을 회상하는 단서가 되어 구체적이고, 긍정적인 기억을 촉진하며 회상시간이 단축됨을 보여주어 임상에서 초기 알츠하이머 환자의 자서전적 기억을 회상할 때, 본인이 선곡한 친숙한 노래가 효과적으로 사용될 수 있음을 보여줄 수 있음을 시사한다.



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