Demographic Trends and the Methods of their Regulation in the Republic of Kazakhstan

  • Nurlanova, Nailya K. (Institute of Economics of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan) ;
  • Meldakhanova, Marziya K. (Institute of Economics of the Ministry Education and Science of Republic of Kazakhstan)
  • Received : 2015.05.09
  • Accepted : 2015.08.10
  • Published : 2015.08.30


The aim of this work is to study the specifics of demographic processes in the Republic of Kazakhstan and to justify proposals concerning improvement of tendencies and methods of realizations of demographic policy in the country. The following methods have been used in this study: the principles of system approach; methods of statistical and comparative economic analysis, sociological analysis; method of expert evaluations; generalization and system analysis. Statistical method is based on the accountability of statistics office of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK) and on the results of sociological studies. The official statistic information, materials of the population census of the RK, materials of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of RK, data from author's studies, carried out in the Institute of Economy of science committee of Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan were used in this study. The conclusion about positive tendencies in demographic processes and about necessity of improvement of demographic policy was made. A number of proposals and recommendations concerning creation of favorable social and economic conditions for improvement of demographic situation, enhancement of institutional basis of demographic policy, forms and methods of its realization considering priorities of future development of Kazakhstan were justified.