Key Factors Influencing Low Impact Development Adoption by Local Governments

지방정부의 저영향개발 적용에 영향을 주는 요인 연구

  • Received : 2015.01.12
  • Accepted : 2015.03.01
  • Published : 2015.04.30


The paper reports on exploratory research into the factors influencing adoption of low impact development (LID) regulations by local government. The research uses ten case studies ranging from low to high level adoption of LID in Virginia. Based on the theory of diffusion of innovations, perceived characteristics of LID, characteristics of the adopting local government, motivations of the adopter, and the surrounding organizational context of the adopter are chosen for the key factors influencing on LID adoption. By reviewing the local governments regulations related to stormwater management, meeting minutes, reports and documents, and in-depth interviews, the evaluation of the key factors and the local LID adoption was conducted. As a result, adopters with a high level of LID adoption at the time of the study were heavily influenced by champions of LID within local government and communities. In contrast, moderate level adopters and low-level adopters emphasized the importance of external forces like state regulatory mandates and the need for clear models to implement.

본 연구의 목적은 탐색적 연구방법을 통해 지방정부의 LID 적용에 영향을 주는 인자를 밝히는데 있다. 이를 위해서 미국 버지니아주의 지방정부 10곳을 사례조사지로 선정하여 LID 적용정도를 구분하였고, 이에 영향을 주는 요인으로 LID의 특성, 지방정부의 특성, 지방정부의 동기요인, 지방정부 외부의 영향 등을 혁신의 확산이론을 바탕으로 발전시켰다. 지방정부의 LID 적용정도 및 영향인자는 우수관리관련조례, 회의록, 인터뷰와 그 밖의 지자체 문서를 바탕으로 평가하였다. 연구결과에 따라 높은 LID 적용정도를 보인 지방정부 사례의 경우 해당 지방정부와 지역 커뮤니티에서 LID를 적극적으로 옹호하는 챔피언의 역할이 매우 크게 나타났다. 반면에 중간 및 낮은 정도의 LID 적용상태를 보인 지방정부의 경우는 외부적 요인 즉, 주정부의 강제적 법적규제가 중요한 요인으로 작용했으며 명확한 LID 적용모델에 대한 요구가 높게 나타났다.



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