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Comparison of Elderly Fallers and Elderly Non-Fallers: Balancing Ability, Depression, and Quality of Life

노인 낙상군과 노인 비낙상군의 비교: 균형능력과 우울감 및 삶의 질

  • Jeon, Min-Jae (Dept. of Ergonomic Therapy, The Graduate School of Health and Environment, Yonsei University) ;
  • Jeon, Hye-Seon (Dept. of Ergonomic Therapy, The Graduate School of Health and Environment, Yonsei University) ;
  • Yi, Chung-Hwi (Dept. of Ergonomic Therapy, The Graduate School of Health and Environment, Yonsei University) ;
  • Cynn, Heon-Seock (Dept. of Ergonomic Therapy, The Graduate School of Health and Environment, Yonsei University)
  • 전민재 (연세대학교 보건환경대학원 인간공학치료학과) ;
  • 전혜선 (연세대학교 보건환경대학원 인간공학치료학과) ;
  • 이충휘 (연세대학교 보건환경대학원 인간공학치료학과) ;
  • 신헌석 (연세대학교 보건환경대학원 인간공학치료학과)
  • Received : 2014.07.15
  • Accepted : 2014.08.26
  • Published : 2014.09.17

Abstract

Fall is one of the most intimidating health conditions in elders. Comprehensive assessment is necessary to understand the individual and environmental aspects of the falls such as balancing abilities, depression, and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to compare the balancing ability, depression, and quality of life between elderly fallers and elderly non-fallers. Thirty-two community-dwelling elders (fifteen males and seventeen females between 65 and 83 years old), who have experienced fall on walking during last twelve months, were involved in the elderly fallers group. And twenty-four males and twenty-two females between 65 and 83 years old of community-dwelling elders, who have no experienced fall on walking during last twelve months, were involved in the elderly non-fallers group. Berg balance scale (BBS), timed up and go test (TUG), and functional reach test (FRT), were used to evaluate the ability of the physical balance. 'Beck depression scale in Korean' questionnaire was used to assess the depression. 'Korean version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument-Bref' questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life. The results were as follows: 1) Balancing abilities measured by the BBS, TUG in the elderly fallers group were meaningfully lower than that of the elderly non-fallers group (p<.05), whereas no significant difference in the FRT was found (p>.05). 2) Depression level in the elderly fallers group was significantly higher than that of the elderly non-fallers group (p<.05). 3) Quality of life in the elderly fallers group was significantly lower than that of the elderly non-fallers group, excluding environment domain (p<.05). Therefore, in order for clinical evaluation of the community-dwelling elders those with reduced balancing ability, it is necessary to evaluate and understand the fall experience, depression, and quality of life.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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