The Effects of Human Resource Management on Organizational Effectiveness

중소기업의 고몰입 인적자원관리가 조직효과성에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2014.04.08
  • Accepted : 2014.05.27
  • Published : 2014.06.30


The purpose of this study is to find out the relationship between high involvement Human Resource Management and organizational effectiveness in small company. High involvement Human Resource Management practices include training, incentive, performance appraisal, participation, proposal, communication, job description. This research approached organizational effectiveness using internal process and goal. Internal process approach measured internal organizational health using aggregate organizational commitment, turnover intention, job search. Goal approach measured organizational growth using sales growth rate per employee and net income growth rate per employee. Using the collected data from 267 employees at 27 small-sized firms located in South region in Korea, this research tested and confirmed the construct validity regression analysis at the organizational level. This research came to the conclusions to as follows: First, high-involvement HRM had the positive effect on the organizational commitment. Second, high-involvement HRM had the negative effect on the turnover intention. The findings suggest that high-involvement HRM is a valuable construct to understand internal process approach of organizational effectiveness in small firms.

본 연구는 중소기업을 대상으로 고몰입 인적자원관리시스템이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 고몰입 인적자원관리시스템은 개별 인적관리 관행보다 관행들의 묶음 형태로 그 효과를 분석하고 있다. 본 연구는 중소기업에서 고몰입 인적자원관리시스템이 인당매출액, 인당이익의 성장성과 종업원들의 조직몰입, 직무탐색 행동의 내부 과정 조직효과성에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 이를 위해 본 연구는 27개 중소기업 267명의 임직원을 대상으로 조직수준에서 회귀분석으로 실증분석 하였다. 회귀분석에 의한 연구결과 첫째, 고몰입 인적자원관리 관행은 조직효과성 중 조직몰입의 평균수준을 높이고 이직의도의 평균수준을 감소시키는 내부과정 접근법의 조직효과성에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 중소기업은 고몰입 인적자원 관리시스템을 적극적으로 도입하여 직원들의 몰입과 안정적인 조직생활을 유도할 필요가 있다. 반면에 인당 매출액과 인당 순이익 증가율을 통해 측정한 고몰입 인적자원관리 시스템의 성장성(목표이익접근법)에의 영향은 확인하지 못하였다. 이는 중소기업의 특성상 인적자원관리 시스템 이외의 외생변수가 매출액과 순이익에 큰 영향을 미치기 때문인 것으로 이해된다.



Supported by : 조선대학교


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