The Effects of the Corporate Association on Corporate Trust and Attitude: Focusing on Comparison of Corporate Type

기업 연상이 기업신뢰와 기업태도에 미치는 영향: 기업유형 비교를 중심으로

  • Received : 2014.04.08
  • Accepted : 2014.05.27
  • Published : 2014.06.30


The theory of customer-based brand equity emphasizes the importance of brand awareness and brand image or associations in building a strong brand. Marketing scholars have recently begun to identify the two types of corporate associations, that is, corporate ability(CA) and corporate social responsibility(CSR) associations, which had long been conceptualized as a unidimensional construct of corporate image in the literature. In line with the new research stream, I'm developed a research model concerning how CA and CSR associations are related to credibility-based and benevolence-based trust, which in turn will affect emotional trust and consumer attitudes toward company. As for the hypothesized paths, the results confirm that all of the them are supported(H1-H6). First, CA associations have a significant positive relationship with credibility-based trust, and CSR associations are positively related to benevolence-based trust. Second, both dimensions of trust show strong and positive influences on emotional trust. In addition, credibility-based trust directly affect attitude toward firm in the foreign company. But credibility-based trust not affect attitude toward firm in the domestic company.

본 연구는 기업 연상이 기업태도에 영향을 미치는데 있어 신뢰의 매개역할을 고찰하고 있다. 특히 본 연구자들은 신뢰의 차원을 전문성 신뢰와 호의성 신뢰로 구분하고, 이러한 두 가지 신뢰가 감정적 신뢰를 매개로 기업태도에 미치는 효과를 고찰하였다. 분석결과, 기업 능력 연상은 전문성 신뢰에, 사회적 책임 연상은 호의성 신뢰에 각각 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 기업 유형별로 분석한 결과에서도 국내 기업과 해외 기업 모두에서 '기업 능력 연상 ${\rightarrow}$ 전문성 신뢰', '사회적 책임 연상 ${\rightarrow}$ 호의성 신뢰' 두 경로 간에 긍정적인 관계를 확인할 수 있었다. 그리고 이러한 전문성 신뢰와 호의성 신뢰는 감정적 신뢰에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 기업유형별 추가분석 결과에 의하면, 전문성 신뢰는 기업태도에 긍정적인 영향을 미칠 것으로 예측을 하였으나, 이러한 경로결과는 해외기업의 경우에만 유의하게 나타났다. 끝으로 기업의 유형에 관계없이, 기업에 대한 감정적 신뢰가 형성되면, 해당 기업에 대한 태도에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 결과적으로 소비자들이 기업에 대해 연상을 하고 이러한 연상으로 인하여 해당 기업에 대한 전문성 신뢰와 호의성 신뢰를 형성하게 되며, 이러한 두 가지 신뢰는 해당 기업에 대한 감정적 신뢰를 유발하고, 나아가 기업태도로까지 이어짐을 확인할 수 있었다.



Supported by : 조선대학교


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