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The Formation of Innovative Clusters in Kazakhstan: Analysis and Methods for Identifying Specialization

  • Kireyeva, Anel A. (Institute of Economics of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan) ;
  • Nurlanova, Nailya K. (Institute of Economics of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan)
  • Received : 2013.11.01
  • Accepted : 2014.02.15
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

The aim of this research is theoretical and methodological approaches to the necessity of formation of innovation clusters as growth poles on the basis of statistical analysis and identification of specialization. In this research, we used methods, which will allow to analyze of innovative processes and to identify of prospective branches of specialization of the formation of innovative clusters in the spatial context. Keeping with the previous literature, the present study is determined by the novelty of the problem, concerning the formation and development of innovative clusters as growth poles, as well as large specifics of problems in our country in the framework of use of innovative clusters. An analysis was showed that Kazakhstan's regions have substantial differences in the groups of regions for most of the indicators have presented form a tightly located clusters and in the ratings of innovative susceptibility and innovative activity. This research has some practical implications, which have proved that innovative clusters become platforms as growth poles for introduction of advanced technologies, development of innovative companies, thereby providing a certain stability of the economy of the regions.

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Acknowledgement

This study was supported by the Institute of Economics of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

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