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Design and Fabrication of the GPS Receiving Antenna using Hilbert Curve Fractal Structure

힐버트 커브 프랙탈 구조를 이용한 GPS 수신 안테나 설계 및 제작

  • 강상원 ((주) 페스앤유 기술연구소)
  • Received : 2013.12.26
  • Accepted : 2014.02.07
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

In this paper, design and fabrication of the GPS receiving antenna using Hilbert curve fractal structure was proposed. The size of the antenna was miniaturized by transforming dipole structure into monopole structure because its size increases if Hilbert curve fractal dipole structure is used. To use a Hilbert curve structure, the current directions of the radiator were made oppositely each other. The size of the antenna is $10{\times}10{\times}0.8[mm]$, the line width is 0.25[mm]. The resonant frequency is 1.58[GHz] and its range is 1.52[GHz] ~ 1.65[GHz]. Frequency bandwidth is 130[MHz]. Antenna maximum gain is 3.09[dBi].

본 논문에서는 힐버트 커브 프랙탈 구조를 이용한 GPS 수신 안테나를 제안하였다. 힐버트 커브 프랙탈 다이폴 구조를 이용하면 안테나 크기가 증가되므로 다이폴 구조를 모노폴 형태로 변형하여 안테나 크기를 소형화하였다. 힐버트 커브 프랙탈 구조를 이용하기 위하여 복사기의 전류방향을 서로 반대 방향으로 하였다. 최적화된 안테나의 크기는 $10{\times}10{\times}0.8[mm]$이고, 선폭은 0.25[mm]이다. 공진주파수는 1.58[GHz]이고, 주파수 범위는 1.52[GHz]~1.65[GHz]이다. 주파수대역폭은 130[MHz]이다. 안테나 최대 이득은 3.09[dBi]이다.

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