Antioxidant Activity and Inhibitory Effect of Aster scaber Thunb. Extract on Adipocyte Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cells

참취(Aster scaber Thunb.) 추출물의 항산화 효과와 3T3-L1 지방전구세포에서의 지방분화 억제 효과

  • Choi, Jun-Hyeok (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University) ;
  • Park, Yun-Hee (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University) ;
  • Lee, In-Seon (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University) ;
  • Lee, Sam-Pin (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University) ;
  • Yu, Mi-Hee (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University)
  • 최준혁 (계명대학교 식품가공학 전공) ;
  • 박윤희 (계명대학교 식품가공학 전공) ;
  • 이인선 (계명대학교 식품가공학 전공) ;
  • 이삼빈 (계명대학교 식품가공학 전공) ;
  • 유미희 (계명대학교 식품가공학 전공)
  • Received : 2013.01.30
  • Accepted : 2013.03.28
  • Published : 2013.06.30


Clinical and preclinical trials of involving drugs with anti-obesity effects have focused on screening for herbal medicines suspected to have anti-obesity activities. In this study, an extract of Aster scaver Thunb., which was prepared in 80% methanol (ASE), was assessed for its total phenol content, total flavonoid content, antioxidant activity ability to scavenge the ${\alpha}-{\alpha}$-diphenyl-${\beta}$-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2'-azino-bis-[3-ethylbenzthiazoline]-6-sulfonic acid radical, and anti-adipogenic effects. The anti-adipogenic effect of ASE on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes to adipocytes was investigated by assaying the suppression of adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation by using western blot analysis and the Oil Red-O assay, respectively. The staining results showed that ASE significantly inhibited 3T3-L1. Western blot analysis results showed that ASE decreased the levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-${\gamma}$, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ${\alpha}$, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c. These results demonstrate that ASE directly inhibits the differentiation of preadipocytes, and might be an important adjunct in the therapeutic efforts to reduce adipogenesis.

최근 연구에서 활성 산소 및 비만에 대한 유전자 발현이 비만과 노화를 촉진시키는 원인으로 주목 받고 있으며, 이를 통해 노화와 비만의 억제 체계를 규명하려는 다양한 방법들이 연구되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 우리나라 전국 각지의 산야지에 자생하며 농가에서 재배하기도 하는 국화과에 속하는 식물인 참취(Aster scaber Thunb.) 메탄올 추출물의 항산화력과 3T3-L1 전구지방세포의 지방세포형성과정에 미치는 영향을 확인하였다. 참취 메탄올 추출물에 존재하는 총 폴리페놀 및 플라보노이드 함량은 각각 $57.07{\pm}2.17$, $54.62{\pm}2.24{\mu}g/mg$으로 나타났다. 시료의 DPPH, ABTS radical 소거 활성을 측정한 결과 $RC_{50}$값이 각각 $22.24{\pm}0.40$, $53.19{\pm}1.61{\mu}g/mL$로 우수한 항산화 효과를 나타냈다. 참취의 메탄올 추출물이 3T3-L1 전구지방세포에서 분화유도 물질(IBMX, DEXA, Insulin)과 함께 처리했을 때 지방구의 형성을 농도 의존적으로 감소시켰다. 또한 이들은 지방세포의 증식 및 분화되는 과정에서 발현되는 adipogenic transcription factor 및 관련 유전자의 단백질 발현과 mRNA 발현을 유의적으로 감소시키는 것을 확인하였다. 이상의 결과로 참취 메탄올 추출물을 이용하여 항비만에 우수한 효능을 가지는 기능성 식품 소재로서의 개발이 가능할 것으로 생각된다.



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