YouTube and Girls' Generation Fandom

유투브와 소녀시대 팬덤

  • 심두보 (성신여자대학교 미디어 커뮤니케이션학과) ;
  • 노광우 (고려대학교 정보문화연구소)
  • Received : 2011.10.07
  • Accepted : 2011.11.28
  • Published : 2012.01.28


In this paper we draw from recent theoretical discussions of fan culture and the new media technologies to explore how online communities contribute to new forms of K-pop fandom. We suggest that these online sites play an important role in setting the new stage of dissemination and dialogue of K-pop knowledge, through which particular forms and spaces of online fan culture are being created and sustained. Moreover, these web-based communities challenge the existing concepts that have embraced interrelations between culture, consumption and technology. Based on an empirical study of YouTube, carried out using netnographic methods, this study tackles the following questions: how fans construct themselves as Korean pop fans through the online activities; how they exchange information and opinions of Korean stars; and, what meaning they extract from online file-sharing activities.

2000년대 후반에 접어들며 한류의 전파는 초기와는 다른 양상으로 진행되기 시작했다. 한국 드라마와 영화에 더해 한국 대중음악(K-pop)이 한류 팬덤의 핵심이 되었으며, 이와 함께 한류의 주요 소비자층은 10대를 아우르는 세대적 포괄성을 갖추게 되었다. 인터넷의 발달은 한국 대중문화에 대한 접근성을 높였으며, 이에 따라 한류는 아시아라는 지역적 제한을 넘어선 전 지구적 현상으로 전개되게 되었다. 본 연구는 이러한 한류의 새로운 양상의 원인을 찾아내고, 이러한 변화가 갖고 있는 미디어연구에 있어서의 함의를 논의하고자 한다. 즉, 인터넷 등 신(新) 정보 테크놀로지와 대중문화 생산 및 수용 간의 함수관계를 밝히고자 한다. 본 연구는 이러한 한국 대중음악의 초국적 전파 과정을 통시적으로 재구성하는 한편, 유투브에서 유통되는 '소녀시대'의 히트곡 <지Gee> 뮤직 비디오에 달린 유투브 사용자들의 댓글을 분석함으로써 온라인상에서의 팬덤 활동을 분석 평가하고, 온라인 커뮤니티의 매체적 의미를 논하고자 한다. 이를 위해 온라인 민속지학(online ethnography 혹은 nethnography)을 주요 방법론으로 사용할 계획이며, 피스크(Fiske), 버지스(Burgess) 등에 의해 주도된 팬덤과 온라인 커뮤니티 연구에 관한 문헌들을 분석하고, 이를 본 연구의 이론적 틀로 구성할 계획이다.



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