In vitro and In vivo Hair Growth Promotion Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum-Fermented Plant Extracts (MBN)

Lactobacillus plantarum 발효 식물추출물질(MBN)의 in vitro 및 in vivo 발모 효과

  • Joo, Seong-Soo (Department of Marine Molecular Biotechnology, College of Life Science, Gangneung-Wonju National University)
  • 주성수 (강릉원주대학교 생명과학대학 생물의약신소재교실)
  • Received : 2011.01.28
  • Accepted : 2011.03.21
  • Published : 2011.06.30


This study investigated the effect of herbal extracts fermented by Lactobacillus plantarum (MBN) on hair growth in C57BL/6 mice and HaCaT cells. Five week old mice were applied with MBN topically (0.2 mL) once per for 21 days. Hair regrowth was evaluated by gross examination and verified by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Gene expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), and transforming growth factor-beta1 ($TGF{\beta}1$), relevant to hair growth, were examined. The data revealed that MBN successfully promoted hair growth in both male and female mice at a dose between 200-500 mg/kg and improved hair thickness. The VEGF and KGF genes were expressed in a dose-dependant manner, whereas $TGF{\beta}1$ was not expressed. Moreover, nitric oxide was significantly increased, suggesting an improvement in blood flow. These results indicate that MBN effectively promoted hair growth and gene expression relevant to hair growth in an animal model.

실험물질은 두피건강 및 발모에 유용한 소재를 혼합하여 열수 추출한 후 유산균에 발효시킨 2차 발효물질로서 고기능성이 예상되는 물질이다. C57BL/6 마우스의 등을 제모하고 실험물질을 처리하였을 때 암 수 모두에서 양성대조군인 minoxidil과 비교하였을 때 동등이상의 우수한 발모효과가 있음을 확인하였다. 특히 수컷의 경우 200 mg/kg 이하의 농도에서 우수한 효과가 관찰되었고 암컷에서는 고용량인 500 mg/kg까지 현저한 발모효과가 관찰되어 성별 처치 용량에 차이가 있는 것으로 사료되었다. 또한 양성대조군 minoxidil이 신속한 발모효과를 보이는 반면 털의 긁기가 감소하는 현상이 관찰되었으나 실험물질을 처리한 군에서는 제모전과 동등이상의 굵기를 유지하였다. 이러한 발모효과를 확인하기위해 모발성장관련 유전자 발현을 분석한 결과 실험물질이 KGF, VEGF 등의 모발성장촉진인자의 발현을 증가시키는 반면 탈모를 유도하는 $TGF{\beta}1$의 발현에는 반응을 하지 않아 유용한 발모제제로서의 가능성이 입증되었다. 더불어 실험물질에 의한 NO 분비가 두피의 혈류개선을 유도하여 탈모억제효능을 나타낼 것으로 사료되어 발효생약추출물인 MBN이 모발성장 및 탈모예방제제로의 개발이 가능 할 것으로 기대된다.



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