A Review of Etiopathogenesis of Burning Mouth Syndrome

구강작열감증후군의 병인론과 병태생리에 대한 고찰

  • Lim, Hyun-Dae (Department of Oral medicine, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University Wonkwang Dental Research Institute) ;
  • Kang, Jin-Kyu (Department of Oral medicine, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University Wonkwang Dental Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, You-Mee (Department of Oral medicine, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University Wonkwang Dental Research Institute)
  • 임현대 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강내과학 교실 및 원광치의학 연구소) ;
  • 강진규 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강내과학 교실 및 원광치의학 연구소) ;
  • 이유미 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강내과학 교실 및 원광치의학 연구소)
  • Received : 2010.01.12
  • Accepted : 2010.02.17
  • Published : 2010.03.30

Abstract

Burning mouth syndrome(BMS) is a chronic oral pain and a symptom complex disorder usually unaccomplished by mucosal lesion or other clinical and laboratory signs of organic disease. BMS is characterized by a spontaneous burning sensation that mainly affects middle-aged and postmenopausal women. The etiology of BMS is poorly understood even though evidence for a possible neuropathic pathogenesis. BMS cause from various local or systemic factor, including nutritional deficiencies, hormonal change, local infection, dental procedure, dry mouth, medication and systemic disease including diabetes mellitus. Many studies suggest peripheral alteration in sensory of trigeminal nerve system. BMS patients with supertaster indicates pathologies of central and peripheral nerve system induced by an alteration in the taste system at the level of chorda tympani and glossopharyngeal nerve. The author discuss our current understanding of etiology and pathogenesis of BMS that refered chronic oral pain.

구강작열감증후군은 임상적 증상이나 검사실 소견없이 구강점막에 나타나는 작열감을 말하며 중년이후 폐경기 여성에게 높은 발생율을 보인다. 구강작열감증후군에서 보여지는 통증은 자발적이며 뚜렷한 악화요인을 보이고 있지 않다. 통증 유발과 관련해서 치과적 술식, 최근의 질환, 투약(항생제 요법)등을 포함하고 있으며, 작열감이 한 번 시작되면 수년간 지속된다. 대부분의 구강작열감 환자는 국소적 또는 전신적 요인을 가지고 있으며, 구강작열감증후군은 신경병리학적 활성화에서 기원되는 만성구강증상으로 고려할 수 있으며, 정신학적 원인에 대한 역할은 아직은 명확하지 않다. 구강작열감의 신경학적 측면에 대하여 연구가 증가하고 있고 이런 연구는 구강작열감에 중추신경계, 말초신경계가 관여함을 제시하고 있다. 그 중에 하나로 대두 되고 있는 것이 미각에서의 이상이 존재한다는 것이다. 구강작열감증후군에서 supertaster의 존재에 대해 언급하고 있으며, 이는 미각과 유해수용성 기전에 상호작용함을 제시하고 있다. 즉 중추신경계에서 미각과 구강 통증 감각이 연결되어 있고 이것은 구강작열감증후군에서 고삭신경, 설인신경수준에서 미각체계 변형에 의한 말초신경계와 중추신경계가 같이 상호 작용하여 구강작열감증후군을 발생시킴을 보여준다. 이에 본 저자는 만성구강통증으로 여겨지는 구강작열감증후군을 유발하는 요인과 병태 생리를 고찰하여 환자의 진단과 원인 지향적인 치료에 도움을 주고자 한다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 원광대학교

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