Syllable-Level Smoothing of Model Parameters for HMM-Based Mixed-Lingual Text-to-Speech

HMM 기반 혼용 언어 음성합성을 위한 모델 파라메터의 음절 경계에서의 평활화 기법

  • Received : 2010.01.27
  • Accepted : 2010.03.14
  • Published : 20100300


In this paper, we address issues associated with mixed-lingual text-to-speech based on context-dependent HMMs, where there are multiple sets of HMMs corresponding to each individual language. In particular, we propose smoothing techniques of synthesis parameters at the boundaries between different languages to obtain more natural quality of speech. In other words, mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) at the language boundaries are smoothed by applying several linear and nonlinear approximation techniques. It is shown from an informal listening test that synthesized speech smoothed by a modified version of linear least square approximation (MLLSA) and a quadratic interpolation (QI) method is preferred than that without using any smoothing technique.