Physiological Activities of Sesame, Black Sesame, Perilla and Olive Oil Extracts

참기름, 흑참기름, 들기름 및 올리브유 추출물의 생리활성

  • Kim, Eun-Joo (Dept. of Food and Biotechnology.Food & Biotechnology Research Center, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Hwang, Seong-Yun (Dept. of Food and Biotechnology.Food & Biotechnology Research Center, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Son, Jong-Youn (Dept. of Food and Biotechnology.Food & Biotechnology Research Center, Hankyong National University)
  • 김은주 (한경대학교 식품생물공학과.식품생물산업연구소) ;
  • 황성연 (한경대학교 식품생물공학과.식품생물산업연구소) ;
  • 손종연 (한경대학교 식품생물공학과.식품생물산업연구소)
  • Published : 2009.03.31


This study investigated the physiological activities and antimicrobial effects of sesame, black sesame, perilla and olive oil extracts. Total flavonoid contents of sesame, black sesame, perilla and olive oil extracts were 2.7, 1.9, 3.0 and 1.4%, respectively, while total phenol contents were 6.5, 4.5, 4.1 and 10.1%, respectively. The electron donating abilities of sesame oil extract were markedly higher than black sesame, perilla or olive oil extract (p<0.05). The SOD-like activities of black sesame, perilla and olive oil extracts were 67.2%, 90.2% and 46.7%, respectively; in contrast, sesame oil extract did not show SOD-like activity. The order of the nitrite-scavenging abilities of sesame, black sesame, perilla and olive oil extracts was sesame> black sesame> perilla> olive oil extract (p<0.05). Olive oil extract showed strong antimicrobial activity to Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli and Salmonella Enteritidis. The black sesame oil extract showed weak antimicrobial activity to Micrococcus luteus and Escherichia coli; conversely, sesame and perilla oil extracts did not show any antimicrobial activity.

본 연구에서는 참기름, 흑참기름, 들기름 및 올리브유 추출물의 생리활성을 비교, 분석하고자 하였다. 참기름, 흑참 기름, 들기름 및 올리브유 추출수율은 각각 0.94%, 0.70%, 0.48% 및 0.30%로 참기름의 경우, 추출수율이 가장 높았으며, 올리브유의 경우 가장 낮았다. 참기름, 흑참기름, 들기름 및 올리브유 추출물의 총 플라보노이드 함량은 각각 2.7%, 1.9%, 3.0% 및 1.4%이었고, 총 페놀 함량은 각각 6.5%, 4.5%, 4.1% 및 10.1%이었다. DPPH radical 소거능은 참기름> 올리브유> 들기름> 흑참기름 추출물의 순으로, 참기름 추출물이 가장 강한 효과를 보였다. 참기름, 흑참기름, 들기름 및 올리브유의 SOD 유사활성은 1,000 ppm일 때 0.1%, 36.2%, 34.5% 및 31.0%, 5,000 ppm일 때 0.2%, 67.2%, 90.2% 및 46.7%이었다. 아질산염 소거능은 참기름> 흑참기름> 들기름> 올리브유 추출물의 순으로, 참기름 추출물이 가장 강했다. 올리브유 추출물의 경우 B. cereus, M. luteus, E. coli, S. Enteritidis 모두에서 강한 항균효과를 보인 반면, 흑참기름 추출물의 경우는 M. luteus와 E. coli에서만 약한 항균효과를 보였다. 한편 참기름 및 들기름 추출물에서는 항균활성이 나타나지 않았다.



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