A Path Analytic Exploration of Consumer Information Search in Online Clothing Purchases

온라인 의복구매를 위한 소비자 정보탐색의 경로분석적 탐구

  • Kim, Eun-Young (Dept. of Fashion Design Information, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Knight, Dee K. (Division of Fashion Merchandising, University of North Texas)
  • 김은영 (충북대학교 패션디자인 정보학과) ;
  • Published : 2007.12.31


This study identified types of information source, and explored a path model for consumer information search by shopping attributes in the context of online decision making. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires during regularly scheduled classes. A total of 219 usable questionnaires were obtained from respondents who enroll at universities in the southwestern region of the United States. For data analysis, factor analysis and path model estimation were used. Consumer information source was classified into three types for online clothing purchases: Online source, Offline retail source, and Mass media. Consumers were more likely to rely on offline retail source for online clothing purchases, than other sources. In consumer information search by shopping attributes, online sources were more likely to be related to transaction-related attributes(e.g., incentive service), whereas offline retail source(e.g., displays in stores, manufacturer's catalogs and pamphlets) were more likely to be related to product and market related attributes(e.g., aesthetics, price) when purchasing clothing online. Also, the path model emphasizes the effect of shopping attributes on traditional retailer search behavior, leading to online purchase intention for clothing. This study supports consumer information search by attributes, and discusses a managerial implication of multi-channel retailing for apparel.

본 연구는 온라인 의사결정과정에서 온라인 쇼핑속성, 정보원 및 구매의도와 관련된 소비자 정보탐색의 경로모델을 밝히고자 하였다. 연구대상은 미국 남서부지역의 대학교에 재학중인 대학생으로 표본으로 설문조사 하였으며, 총 219명의 이용 가능한 자료가 수집되었다. 자료분석을 위해 요인분석과 LISREL8.53을 이용하여 경로분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과, 소비자의 온라인 의복구매를 위한 정보원은 온라인 정보원, 소매점 정보원, 대중매체의 세 가지 유형으로 분류되었다. 특히, 온라인 의복구매를 위해 소매점 정보원(점포내 디스플레이, 제조업체의 팜플렛 또는 카달로그)을 더 많이 이용하는 것으로 나타났다. 추정된 경로모델을 살펴보면, 온라인 쇼핑속성의 중요도가 정보탐색에 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 특히 온라인 의복 구매시, 소비자의 온라인 정보원 이용은 거래관련속성 즉 구매유인서비스(incentive service)에 의해 가장 크게 영향을 받는 반면, 소매점 정보원 이용은 심미성, 가격 등의 제품 및 시장관련속성의 중요도에 의해 더 크게 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 소비자의 세가지 탐색유형 모두 구매의도에 정적인 효과를 보이고 있었으며, 다른 정보원에 비해, 소매점 정보원 이용이 온라인 의복구매의도에 가장 큰 효과를 보였다. 따라서, 본 연구는 온라인 쇼핑속성별 소비자의 차별화된 정보탐색 패턴이 온라인 구매의도를 증가시키고 있음을 확인함으로써, 의류제품의 멀티채널 소매전략(Multi-channel retailing) 방향이 논의되었다.



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