Relationship of Foot Type to Callus Location in Healthy Subjects

  • Jung, Do-Young (Dept. of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Suncheon First College) ;
  • Kim, Moon-Hwan (Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Christian Hospital, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University) ;
  • Chang, In-Su (Dept. of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Suncheon First College)
  • Received : 2006.10.04
  • Accepted : 2006.10.30
  • Published : 2006.11.19


The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship existed between foot type and the location of plantar callus in healthy subjects. Twenty-five healthy subjects with plantar callus were recruited for this study. Foot deformities were classified according to the operational definitions as 1) a compensated forefoot varus, 2) an uncompensated forefoot varus or forefoot valgus, or 3) a compensated rearfoot varus. The location of plantar callus was divided into two regions. Fourteen of the 19 feet with compensated forefoot varus and six of the 9 feet showed plantar callus at the second, third or fourth metatarsal head. Five of the 6 feet with uncompensated forefoot varus and twenty of the 16 feet with forefoot valgus showed plantar callus at the first or fifth metatarsal head. A significant relationship was found between foot type and location of callus (p<.01). The results support the hypothesis that certain foot types are associated with characteristic patterns of pressure distribution and callus formation. We believe diabetic patients with insensitive feet and with the types of foot deformity should be fit with foot orthoses and footwears that accommodate their respective deformity in a position as near to the subtalar joint as possible with the goal of preventing plantar ulceration.