The Kinematic Analysis of Peters Motion on Parallel bars

평행봉 피터스 동작의 운동학적 분석

  • Published : 2004.08.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinematic variables of peters motion in parallel bars. The subjects were 3 male national gymnasts. For this study, kinematic data were collected using video camera. Coordinate data were low-pass filtered using a fourth-order Butterworth with cutoff frequency of 6Hz. Each valuables analyzed was used to compare kinematic features between the subjects. The conclusions were as follows; 1. For a stable regrasp motion, the subjects appeared to increase horizontal and vertical displacement during the DS phase because it induce a vertical elastic of body and reaction of bar for the US phase. 2. For a stable hand standing motion of the regrasp, the subjects appeared to maintain the fast vertical and horizontal velocity during the DS phase, but in contrary during the US and Air phase the vertical and horizontal velocity appeared to do decrease. 3. When the arm lean angle and the trunk lean angle maintain a big angle during the DS phase, the subjects appeared to do a stable performance to release in a high position.



  1. 강병의(1997). 평행봉 Hearly 버티기 동작의 3차원 운동학적 요인분석. 한국체육대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
  2. 김충태, 김동민, 박종훈(1999). 평행봉 Morisue piked동작시 스윙국면의 운동학적 요인이 공중동작에 미치는 영향. 한국체육대학교 논문집, 제 22권, p.52-62.
  3. 김충태, 윤창선, 이연종(1995). 평행봉 Moy Piked Support 동작의 운동학적 분석. 한국체육대학교. 체육과학연구소 논문집, 제 14권, 제 1호, p.215-220
  4. 권운택, 김충태, 김동민(1988). 체조. 명진당.
  5. 대한체조협회(2001). 채점규칙. 대한체조협회.
  6. 이계산(1987). 평행봉 운동에서 몸 굽혀 차오르며 180도 방향 바꾸어 물구나무서기 동작의 Kinematic 분석. 스포츠과학연구소 논문집, 79-123.
  7. 윤창선(2003). 평행봉 몸 굽혀 2회전 뒤 공중 돌아 내리기 동작의 국면별 운동학적 분석. 한국스포츠리서치.
  8. 황경숙, 곽창수, 조승구, 진성태(1988). 평행봉의 2회전 뒤로 돌아 내리기 동작분석. 한국체육과학연구원 스포츠과학연구소 논문집, p.1061-1113.
  9. Abdel-Aziz, Y. I., & Karara, H. M. (1971). Direct linear transformation: From comparator coordinates into object coordinates in close-range photogrammetry. Proceeding of ASPUI Symposium on Cross-Range Photogrammetry, Urbana, Illinois(pp.1-19). Falls Church, VA: American Society of Phtogrammetry.
  10. Federation of International Gymnastics. (1997). The code of points for men. Switzerland.
  11. Gradiner, M. D. (1992). Current issues in Biomechanics. Human Kinetics Publishers.
  12. Hamill, J., & Knutzen, K. M. (1995). Biomechanical basis of human movement, Williams &Wilkins.
  13. Hwang, I., Seo, G., & Liu, Z. C. (1990). Takeoff Mechanics of the Doudle Backward Somersault. International Journal of sport Biomechanics, 6, 177-186.
  14. Kwon, Y. H. (2000). KWON3D Motion analysis package version 3.1 User's Reference Manual. VISOL corporation.
  15. McNitt-Gray, Jill L. (1991). Kinematics and Impulse Charateristics of Drop Landings From Three Heights. International Journal of sport Biomechanics, 7, 201-224.
  16. McNitt-Gray, Jill L., Yokoi, T., & Millward C. (1993). Landing Strategy Adjustments Made by Female Gymnasts in Res pons to Deop Height and Composition. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 12, 237-257.
  17. Plagenhoef, S.(1971). Patterns of human motion: A cinematographic analysis. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  18. Plagenhoef, S. C., Evans, F. G., & Abdelnour, T. (1983). Anatimical data for analyzing human motion. Research Quarterly for Exercise and sport 54(2), 169-178.
  19. Takei, Y., Dunn, J. H., Nohara, H., & Kamimura, M.(1995). New outer grip technique used by elite gymnasts in performing the felge to handstand mount. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 11, 188-204.

Cited by

  1. Biomechanical Analysis of the Elderly Gait with a Walking Assistive Device vol.17, pp.2, 2007,
  2. Kinematical Analysis of Tippelt Motion in Parallel Bars vol.17, pp.2, 2007,