Biochemical analysis and physiological activity of perilla leaves

들깨잎의 품종에 따른 성분분석 및 생리활성물질 탐색

  • Han, Ho-Suk (Department of Food Science & Technology Yeungnam University) ;
  • Park, Jung-Hye (Department of Food Science & Technology Yeungnam University) ;
  • Choi, Hee-Jin (Department of Food Science & Technology Yeungnam University) ;
  • Son, Jun-Ho (Department of Food Science & Technology Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Yeung-Hweal (Department of Clinical Pathology, Daegu Health College) ;
  • Kim, Sung (Department of Oriental Medical Food and Nutrition, Asia University) ;
  • Choi, Cheong (Department of Food Science & Technology Yeungnam University)
  • 한호석 (영남대학교 생물산업공학부) ;
  • 박정혜 (영남대학교 생물산업공학부) ;
  • 최희진 (영남대학교 생물산업공학부) ;
  • 손준호 (영남대학교 생물산업공학부) ;
  • 김영활 (대구보건대학 임상병리과) ;
  • 김성 (아시아대학교 한방식품영양학과) ;
  • 최청 (영남대학교 생물산업공학부)
  • Published : 2004.02.28


The biochemical components of Namcheondlggae, Miryangdlkkae 25, Boradlggae and Ipdlkkae 1 were measured. The samples were extracted with hot water, 60% acetone or 80% ethanol for screening physiological activity. The crude protein content (4.36%) was found in the Miryangdlkkae 25 and calcium content (497.5 mg%) was found in the Namcheondlggae among the tested 4 perilla loaves. Fructose was 30.86 mg% in the Namcheondlggae and free amino acids at all perilla leaves was detected seventeen. In Boradlggae, glutamic acid and alanine were 25.37 and 11.91 mg%. Totally nine non-volatile organic acids were also detected and the contents of malic acid and glutaric acid were 28.34 and 14.57 mg% in Boradlggae. The Miryangdlkkae 25 had the highest vitamin C amount which was 113.24 mg%. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition activity of 60% acetone extract of Miryangdlkkae 25 was 39.20% when added as addition of 200 ppm level and xanthine oxidase inhibition activity of 80% ethanol extract of Boradlggae was 46.71%. Electron denoting activity of 60% acetone extract from Namcheohndlggae was the strongest inhibition activity as 98.19% when 200 ppm level of the sample extracts were added.

한국산 들깨(Perilla frutescens var. japonica Hara)잎 남천, 밀양 25호, 보라 및 잎들깨 1호 등 4품종의 성분 분석과 열수, 60% acetone 및 80% ethanol로 생리활성물질을 추출하여 탐색하였다. 조섬유 및 조지방의 함량은 3.48%, 0.70%로 잎들깨 1호, 조단백의 함량은 4.36%로 밀양들깨 25호, Ca의 함량은 497.5mg%로 남천들깨가 가장 많았다. HPLC를 이용하여 유리당을 분석한 결과 5종류의 당 sucrose, lactose, glucose, fructose 및 arabinose가 검출되었고, fructose 및 arabinose가 검출되었고, fructose 함량이 30.86mg%로 남천들깨가 가장 높았으며, 들깨잎의 유리아미노산의 종류는 4품종 모두 17개의 유리 아미노산이 검출되었다. 밀양들깨 25호에서는 glutamic acid, alanine의 함량이 각각 25.37, 11.91mg%로 다른 품종 보다 유리아미노산의 함량이 많았다. 비휘발성 유기산의 경우 4품종에서 9개의 비휘발성 유기산이 검출되었으며, 보라들깨에서 malic acid 28.34mg%, glutaric acid 15.21mg% 순으로 나타났다. 비타민 C의 함량은 밀양들깨 25호가 113.24mg%로 가장 높았다. ACE의 저해활성을 측정한 결과 밀양들깨 25호가 60% acetone 추출물 200ppm에서 39.20%, xanthine oxidase는 보라들깨의 80% ethanol 추출물 200ppm에서 각각 46.71% 및 DPPH에 의한 항산화 효과는 남천들깨의 60% acetone 추출물 200ppm에서 98.19%의 강한 저해효과를 나타내었다.



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