In Korea home economics in the secondary school level was only taught to girls until 1995. So. home economics education only for girls was criticized to sexist education by the feminists. According to the 6th revision of curriculum. home economics has been taught to girls and boys. But some of curriculum developers raises another questions on home economics education. They argue that home economics is a subject which prepares students for the demand of their day-to-day lives. but they can manage their lives well without school learning. The purpose of this study is to explore the educational values of home economics in secondary education from the gender-sensitive approach. For this study, a literature survey on the nature of home economic education in secondary education and the content analysis on 12 secondary school textbooks of Home Economics were employed. The results are as follows : First, the educational values of home economics education should not be underestimated. The aims of home economics education is to help students grew into a independent person by managing their daily lives. The home is charged with fostering a side of our life which we might call Personal, private. intimate and nurturing. The management of the home needs good skills and attitudes. and many knowledges on the child rearing, family relation, marriage, love and sex, which can not be successfully acquired without school learning. And home economics education for boys and girls can help break down the barriers between the sexes because it can change the attitudes of students regarding the private sphere. which is traditionally where women have worked. Second. most of contents of Home Economics were composed of the women-oriented contents. There was a trend still describing that domestic labor mainly be carried out by mother. And the ideas that only the family consisting of two parents and their children is normal were founded. Finally directions of development of the Home Economics Education are suggested.
가정과 교육은 오랫동안 여학생에게만 이수하도록 한다는 점에서 성차별적 교육과정이라는 지적을 받아왔다. 이제 남녀 모두 가정과교육을 받게 됨에 따라 그와 같은 비난은 면하게 되었다. 그럼에도 가정과 교육내용이 남녀 모두의 교육적 필요를 반영하고 있는지, 보다 본질적으로는 가정과 교육을 학교에서 가르칠만한 가치가 있는지에 대한 문제제기가 지속되고 있다. 본 논문은 이와 같은 문제 인식 하에 가족 및 가정생활이라는 사적 영역에서의 삶을 교육대상으로 하는 가정과 교육의 특성을 성인적 접근을 통해 교육과정상의 의미와 교육적 가치를 살펴보고, 실과 교육을 둘러싼 성별 쟁점을 짚어보는 한편, 제7차 교육과정기 가정과 교육의 한계와 문제 분석을 토대로, 향후 가정과 교육의 발전방향을 제안하였다.