# SIMULATION OF SOIL MOISTURE VARIABILITY DUE TO CLIMATE ORANGE IN NORTHEAST POND RIVER WATERSHED, NEWFOUNDLAND, CANADA

• A. Ghosh Bobba (National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Ontario) ;
• Vijay P. Singh (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Louisiana State University)
• Published : 2003.01.01

#### Abstract

The impacts of climate change on soil moisture in sub - Arctic watershed simulated by using the hydrologic model. A range of arbitrary changes in temperature and precipitation are applied to the runoff model to study the sensitivity of soil moisture due to potential changes in precipitation and temperature. The sensitivity analysis indicates that changes in precipitation are always amplified in soil moisture with the amplification factor for flow. The change in precipitation has effect on the soil moisture in the catchment. The percentage change in soil moisture levels can be greater than the percentage change in precipitation. Compared to precipitation, temperature increases or decreases alone have impacts on the soil moisture. These results show the potential for climate change to bring about soil moisture that may require a significant planning response. They are also indicative of the fact that hydrological impacts affecting water supply may be important in consider-ing the cost and benefits of potential climate change.

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